Department of Communication
Portland State University

Dr. David Ritchie
Office:  University Center Building 440B
Phone: 725-3550


I am on sabbatical for this academic year and will return in fall, 2016.
While on sabbatical I will answer my e-mail, but don't expect an immediate reply.  If you have urgent concerns please contact the Department of Communication.

Curriculum Vitae


Annapurna Circuit, March 2010
(and other travels)
Web Log

Hiking 3 Sisters
Sept 22-24, 2009

Climbing Mt. Adams
(video clip)
July 29, 2009

Hiking - Selway-Bitterroot



a few of my poems

Other Sites: 

Communication Dept

Metaphor Analysis
Project Webpage

Communication Associations:
International Communication Association
     National Communication Association
     Western States Communication Association
tips for writing a research paper

Last updated Aug. 9, 2015

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Portland State University
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Research program
In my current research, I examine the use and interpretation of figurative language (metaphors, stories, story-metaphors, and humor) as a way of understanding how people in urban communities talk about issues both within and between groups, and how meaning and social structure are co-created in talk. 
I welcome participation in my research by both undergraduate and graduate students, and I have developed a sequence of courses to introduce students to key theories and concepts in this area.  

Publications: Books

L. David Ritchie (2013).  Metaphor.  Cambridge University Press

L. David Ritchie (2006).  Context and Connection in Metaphor. Palgrave-Macmillan.

Table of Contents    Preface

Recent journal articles and chapters:

Ritchie, L. D, and Zhu, M. (2015).  “Nixon stonewalled the investigation”:  Potential contributions of grammatical metaphor to conceptual metaphor theory and analysis.  Metaphor and Symbol, 30, 118-136.

Negrea-Busuioc, E
. & Ritchie, L. D., (2014).  When ‘seeking love is travel by bus’: Deliberate metaphors, stories and humor in a Romanian song.  Metaphor and the Social World, 5, 62-83.

Ritchie, L. D., & Negrea-Busuioc, E. (2014). Now everyone knows I’m a serial killer.  Spontaneous Intentionality in Conversational Metaphor and Story-telling.  Metaphor and the Social World 4, 174–198.

Ritchie, L. D., & Cameron, L. (2014).  Open hearts or smoke and mirrors:  Metaphorical framing and frame conflicts in a public meeting.  Metaphor and Symbol, 29, 204-223.

Coleman, C.-L., & Ritchie, L. D. (2011). Examining metaphors in bio-political discourse.  Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 7, 29-59.

L. David Ritchie (2011). Why the block is the block:  Reinforcing community through casual conversation.  Metaphor and the Social World, 2, 240-61

L. David Ritchie (2011). “Justice is blind”:  A model for analyzing metaphor transformations and narratives in actual discourse.  Metaphor and the Social World, 1, 70-89.

L. David Ritchie (2011). “You’re lying to Jesus!”  Humor and play in a discussion about homelessness.  Humor 24, 481–511.

L. David Ritchie (2010).  "Everybody goes down":  Metaphors, Stories, and Simulations in Conversations. Metaphor and Symbol, 25, 123-143.

L. David Ritchie (2010).  Between mind and language:  A journey worth taking.  Pp. 57-76 in Lynne Cameron and Robert Maslen, Eds., Metaphor analysis:  Research practice in applied linguistics, social sciences and the humanities.  London, UK:  Equinox, .

L. David Ritchie (2009).  Relevance and Simulation in Metaphor.  (2009)  Metaphor and Symbol, 24, 249-262

L. David Ritchie (2009).  Distributed Cognition and Play in the Quest for the Double Helix.  Pp. 289-323 in Hanna Pishwa, Ed., Language and social cognition.  Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter.

L. David Ritchie and Char Schell (2009). “The ivory tower” on an “unstable foundation”:  Playful Language, Humor, and Metaphor in the Negotiation of Scientists’ Identities. Metaphor and Symbol, 24, 90 - 104.

Cynthia-Lou Coleman, L. David Ritchie, and Heather Hartley (2008).. Dispensing information or dispensing propaganda?  Frames and metaphors in news coverage of prescription drug advertising.  Journal of Health and Mass Communication, 1, 108-127.

L. David Ritchie and Valrie Dyhouse. (2008).   FINE AS FROG’S HAIR:  Three Models for the Development of Meaning in Figurative Language.  Metaphor and Symbol, 23, 85-107.

L. David Ritchie (2008).  X IS A JOURNEY:  Embodied simulation in metaphor interpretation.  Metaphor and Symbol, 23, 174-199.

L. David Ritchie (2008).  Gateshead revisited:  Perceptual simulators and fields of meaning in the analysis of metaphors. Metaphor and Symbol, 23, 24-49. 

L. David Ritchie (2005).  Frame-Shifting in Humor and Irony. Metaphor and Symbol, 20, 275-294.

L. David Ritchie (2004).  Lost in space: metaphors in conceptual integration theoryMetaphor and Symbol, 19, 31-50.

L. David Ritchie (2004).   Metaphors in Conversational Context:  Toward a Connectivity Theory of Metaphor Interpretation. Metaphor and Symbol, 19, 265-287.

L. David Ritchie (2003).  Statistical Probability as a Metaphor for Epistemological Probability.   Metaphor and Symbol,18, 1-11.

L. David Ritchie (2003).  Categories and Similarities:  A Note on Circularity. Metaphor and Symbol, 18, 49-53.

L. David Ritchie (2003).   Argument is War – Or is it a Game of Chess?  Multiple Meanings in the Analysis of Implicit Metaphors. Metaphor and Symbol, 18, 125-146.