Chem 334 - Fall 1999
Organic Chemistry I

Dr. Carl C. Wamser

Chapter 1 Skills

Knowledge - Level 1

Terminology to recall from your general chemistry class:
(Note that your textbook has a glossary with definitions)

atomic orbitals: s, p, d
molecular orbitals: sigma and pi bonds
hybrid orbitals: sp, sp2, sp3
types of bonds: ionic, covalent, polar covalent
valence: normal bonding patterns for C, H, N, O, halogens
electronegativity: higher to the right and up the Periodic Table
functional groups: alcohols, ethers, carbonyls (aldehydes, ketones), carboxylic acids

Concepts - Level 2

The Periodic Table: periodic trends in valence, electronegativity, etc.
Lewis structures: all electrons shown
Kekule structures: lines represent bonds
line structures: omit Cs and Hs
condensed structures: abbreviations for standard structural units
VSEPR: method of identifying preferred 3D structures
hybridization: hybrid orbitals allow optimum bonding
functional groups: carbon and oxygen bonding patterns, isomerism

Applications - Level 3

create appropriate Lewis structures, including formal charges
recognize different resonance forms for a given molecule
interpret Kekule, line, and condensed structures
identify polar bonds and direction of polarity

Analytical Skills - Level 4 & higher

identify the hybridization of a given atom or a given bond
using hybridization or VSEPR, write good 3D structures for molecules