Published: July 28, 1982

      PEKING, July 27 - 
      China has mounted angry objections to what it says are distortions in new 
      Japanese textbooks about Japan's invasion of the Chinese mainland before 
      World War II. 
      People's Daily and four other prominent newspapers have run commentaries 
      complaining that Japanese youth were being spared the harsh details of 
      Japanese aggression and wartime brutality in China. 
      Their criticisms, which followed other expressions of Chinese unhappiness, 
      implied that relations between China and Japan might be affected if the 
      offending textbooks were not revised. Bitter memories remain of Japanese 
      aggression and wartime occupation in China. 
      People's Daily asserted Saturday that the changes approved by the Japanese 
      Ministry of Education had aroused ''great indignation'' from the Chinese 
      people as well as ''widespread resentment'' among the Japanese. Suzuki to 
      Visit China 
      The issue is potentially serious because Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki of 
      Japan is scheduled to come to China on an official visit in the near 
      future and the Chinese complaints, if not resolved beforehand, could 
      presumably dominate the atmosphere. 
      The People's Daily article reiterated earlier objections that the 
      textbooks, which were recently screened by the Japanese Ministry of 
      Education, euphemistically described Japan's invasion as an ''advance'' 
      into China and said that the Japanese massacre of residents of Nanjing in 
      1937 occurred because the Chinese Army resisted. 
      The Chinese seem nearly as upset that some Japanese officials have said 
      that criticism of the textbooks amounts to interference in Japan's 
      internal affairs. 
      ''The censorship of textbooks by the Japanese Education Ministry is indeed 
      Japan's internal affair, but Japan's invasion of China and Southeast Asia 
      is certainly not its internal affair, nor can be the distortion of the 
      history of Japanese aggression,'' People's Daily said. It called the 
      Japanese reaction a ''hostile and insulting stand toward China.'' 
      Similar criticism of the textbook changes also appeared in Guangming 
      Daily, which has an intellectual following, Workers' Daily, China Youth 
      Daily and Liberation Army Daily. Extracts of all the commentaries were 
      circulated by the New China News Agency. 'Dream of Aggression' 
      Liberation Army Daily, which is published for China's armed forces, is 
      forbidden reading for foreigners, and extracts of its articles are seldom 
      circulated. The commentary charged that the new textbooks had ''totally 
      blurred the distinction between the aggressor and the victim of 
      Other objections have been raised by leading members of four officially 
      sanctioned ''mass'' organizations, the China-Japan Friendship Association, 
      the China Education Society, the All-China Youth Federation and the 
      All-China Students Federation. 
      Underscoring the prevailing tough tone, People's Daily declared Saturday 
      that ''the Chinese people have every reason to suspect that some people in 
      Japan are indulging once again in their dream of aggression.'' 
      The Communist Party organ said that ''history is an objective reality 
      which brooks no distortion.'' It concluded by saying that ''the Japanese 
      Education Ministry is wrong in distorting this period in the textbooks'' 
      and also to blame for trying to justify it. ---- Suzuki Questioned on 
      TOKYO, July 27 (Reuters) - Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki has been drawn into 
      the controversy over the rewriting of Japanese school history books, which 
      China and other Asian nations have condemned as censorship of Japan's past 
      military exploits. 
      Questioned by reporters today about charges by China that the move has 
      distorted history, Mr. Suzuki said the issue should not be allowed to 
      develop into a diplomatic problem.