Polit. System

 

Econ. System

 

Security Ties

 

Regional Assn.

 

JAPAN

 

elite democracy

 

post-industrial state capitalism

 

U.S.

 

APEC, ASEAN/

PMC, ASEAN+3, ARF

 

NIE-4*

 

centralized/

authoritarian competitive

 

state capitalism; export-led

 

U.S. (Korea, Taiwan)

 

APEC,

ASEAN (Sing), or

ASEAN/

PMC (S. Korea=ASEAN+3)

 

ASEAN-10**

 

mostly one-party dominant systems

 

Mostly export-led, exc. VN, Lao, Cambodia, Burma

 

norm of noninterference but dependent on US presence

 

ASEAN,

APEC

 

CHINA

 

one-party state

 

socialist market

 

 

 

APEC, ASEAN+3

ARF

 

N. Korea, Burma

 

one-party states

 

State (military)-run

 

 

 

ASEAN (Burma)

ARF (NK)

 

Australia, New Zealand

 

Democratic

 

capitalist, export-oriented

 

US (Aus)

 

APEC, ASEAN/

PMC

 

* Singapore, South Korea (ROK), Taiwan (ROC), Hong Kong

** Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam, Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Cambodia