Father: Joseph Runyon?
Spouse: Geertje (Charity) Hageman
m: ~1753 - NJ or MD
Child-1: Adam - b: 4/May/1755 - Frederick Co., MD
d: 1836 - Pigeon Creek, Logan Co., VA - bur: Duty Cem., Mingo Co., WV
m: Elizabeth Davis - 4/May/1799
2: John - b: 1761 - Frederick Co., MD
d: 1840 - Pike Co., KY - bur: Pond Creek Baptist Cem.
m: Elizabeth Runner - 1786 - Montgomery Co., VA
3: Adron - b: 1765 - Frederick Co., MD
4: Massie - b: 1767 - Frederick Co., MD
d: Meigs Co., TN
m: John Masoner - 5/Jul/1789 - Montgomery Co., VA
5: Mary - b: 4/May/1769 - Frederick Co., MD
d: 1850 - Grainger Co., TN
m: William Brabston - 10/Aug/1788 - Montgomery Co., VA
m: Peter May - 3/Mar/1804 - Wythe Co., VA
6: Isaac, Jr. - b: 1770 - Frederick Co., MD
d: Russell Co., VA
m: Mary Smith - 10/Oct/1797 - Montgomery Co., VA
7: Richard - b: Apr/1775 - Frederick Co., MD
d: Jul/1860 - Pulaski Co., VA
m: Hannah Carden - 7/Apr/1798 - Montgomery Co., VA
8: Rachel - b: Apr/1775 - Frederick Co., MD
9: Rebecca - b: 1778 - Frederick Co., MD
m: Benjamin Carden - 7/Apr/1798 - Montgomery Co., VA
11: James - b: 1782
12: Benjamin - b: 10/Apr/1784 - Montgomery Co., VA
d: 23/Nov/1870 - Auglaize Co., OH - bur: Mount Lookout Cem.
m: Mrs. Mary Neeley Lusk - 6/Jan/1807
13: Charity - b: 29/Oct/1786 - Montgomery Co., VA
d: 20/Sep/1846 - Allen Co., OH - bur: Mount Lookout Cem., Auglaize Co., OH
m: William Lusk - 25/Dec/1806 - Tazewell Co., VA
The parentage of Isaac Runyon remains entirely unknown; however, researchers frequently assert that he was a son of Joseph Runyon and an unknown wife (who is also sometimes identified as Hannah Stout, but this is not convincing). Alternatively, he is identified as a son of John and Elizabeth Freeman Runyon. Unfortunately, there is no supporting evidence for either of these presumptions, but, nevertheless, it seems reasonably certain that Isaac was born in New Jersey about 1738 (reportedly in Middlesex County) and descends from the original Huguenot immigrant, Vincent Rongnion. He married Geertje (Charity) Hageman, who was a daughter of Adrian and Mary Hageman and it would seem obvious from her name that she was of Dutch ancestry. Moreover, Isaac and Charity Runyon evidently moved to Frederick County, Maryland, in the early 1750's and settled in the vicinity of Taneytown, which lies near the border with Pennsylvania. In support of this, the will of Hendrick Sortore, Sr., made August 3, 1793, in Somerset County, New Jersey, mentions thirteen acres that he had previously purchased from Isaac Runyon. One may suppose that this land was sold when the Runyon family left New Jersey; however, this awaits definitive confirmation. Indeed, it would appear that even while living in Maryland, Isaac still maintained connection to New Jersey since it is known that in 1761 or 1762, Johannis De Mott paid Isaac Runyon for masonry work "around the window frame behind the pulpit" at the Neshanic Church in Somerset County. The church still exists; however, no other record of this transaction has been found. In addition, Isaac Runyon later stated in a Revolutionary War pension petition of 1819 that he had served in Capt. Bruce's Regiment of the New Jersey Militia.1 As a matter of chronology, it seems more likely that this service was in the French and Indian War rather than the Revolution; however, this is not at all clear. Concomitantly, on September 8, 1767, Adrian Hageman, Isaac's father-in-law, bought one hundred and sixty-one acres in Frederick County from John Logsdon for £112 and paid in Pennsylvania currency. Accordingly, it may be supposed that the Hageman's moved from New Jersey to Maryland at this time. Within this context, Adrian Hageman made a will on December 2, 1773, which mentions his wife, Mary, his daughter, Geertje (Charity), his son-in-law (although not mentioned by name), and grandsons Adrian (or Adron) and John Runyon. The will was proved on January 20, 1774, and two original copies are known to exist, viz., one in the court house in Frederick County and one in Annapolis.Source Notes and Citations:
Isaac Runyon served in the Revolutionary War, first in Frederick County as a corporal in Jacob Goode's Company and is listed on September 12, 1775, as one of eighty-two men (sixty-eight privates).2 Subsequently, Isaac along with his son, John, served in Captain Frederick Edwards' Company of the Montgomery County militia (forty-four men signed for duty).3 He then served with Captain William Campbell's Regiment of Virginia Militia and, again, with Captain Edwards' Company, which was attached to Colonel Walter Crockett's Regiment. Isaac and John were at or near the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina in March of 1781. (Captain Edwards' muster roll, dated March 26, 1781, indicates both Isaac and John Runyon as privates.) This service was substantiated by an affidavit made on Decemberr 29, 1819, by John Prestoke, who also asserts that he knew Isaac Runion in 1780 and that he then resided in Montgomery County, Virginia, on or near Pine Run. (This part of Montgomery County was later organized in 1790 as Wythe County.) Clearly, this implies that the Runyon family migrated to Montgomery County about 1780 and is further supported by the sale of one hundred and sixty-one acres on Great Pike Creek, Frederick County, Maryland, to John Logsdon on June 27, 1777, by Isaac Runion and Mary Hageman. Obviously, this is the same land purchased by Adrian Hageman in 1773 and, furthermore, the deed describes the parcel as one corner on Farquhar's Run and adjoining Bedford and Bedford Amendment tracts. Similarly, on August 9, 1779, Adrian Hagerman's widow, Mary Hagerman, daughter, Geertje (Charity), and son-in-law, Isaac Runyon, sold land to Jacob Stimmeli for £1200 current money. The graveyard in which Adrian Hagerman was buried was located on this property and the widow and Runyon heirs were granted a free right of access to the grave site. The name of Isaac Runnion (Runyon) appeared on the Land Tax List of 1782 for Montgomery County as owning one hundred and forty-six acres valued at twenty pounds on which he was assessed four shillings. Subsequently, it is reported that in 1783 Isaac Runyon bought two hundred and sixty-seven acres on a branch of New River adjoining Allferd's land. In addition, the name of Isaac Runyan (Runyon) appeared on the Montgomery County Personal Property Tax List of 1782 along with two other individuals both named John Runyon. One of these was almost certainly Isaac's son, but the identity of the other remains undetermined. Within this context, there is evidence that John Runyon married Elizabeth Runner in Montgomery County in 1786.4 This couple later settled in Pike County, Kentucky, and although it is probable that this was a son of Isaac, it is by no means certain. (Indeed, some researchers assert that Isaac's son, John, never married, but was a hunter and Indian scout on the Appalachian frontier.) Concomitantly, a deed of November 27, 1785, indicated that Isaac Runyon purchased eighty acres in Montgomery County from Thomas Guffin for £50. The land was located on Peek Creek, a branch of New River. Subsequently, on February 2, 1789, Isaac sold this same parcel to James Kennard for £45. Likewise, a deed dated May 26, 1786, asserted that Isaac's land adjoined one hundred and fifty acres purchased by Jacob Fouts, assignee of John Montgomery, which included both sides of Runion's Mill Branch. The residence of Isaac Runyon in Montgomery County is further supported by Personal Property Tax List B of 1787, in which his name appears. As noted previously, Wythe County was organized from a part of Montgomery County in 1790 and Isaac's land was evidently included within the new county. Accordingly, Isaac Runyon and his son, John, were listed in Wythe County tax records of 1795. (Concomitantly, Isaac's son, Adam, was listed in the Wythe County Personal Property Tax List of 1793.) Indeed, in 1798 Isaac Runyon, Sr., failed to pay tax assessed in Montgomery County and the collector or assesor, Mr. Hogue, was probably the one who wrote, "gone to Wythe." Even so, delinquent taxes of $1.78 were paid in October of 1798 to John Taylor, the sheriff. Moreover, Isaac Runyon evidently continued to own property in Montgomery County as is supported by a survey of two hundred acres in Montgomery County located on the Sandy Bar Branch of New River and made for Isaac Runyon on June 11, 1802.
Neverthelees, it would seem that by 1806, Isaac Runyon and his family had moved from Wythe County and settled in Tazewell County, Viriginia. Accordingly, Isaac appeared on tax rolls for Tazewell County from 1806 to 1813. He did not appear again except in 1816 and is then identified as a stone mason. Concomitantly, on April 26, 1809, the Tazewell County Court ordered that Isaac Runyan and his son, Adron, be exempted from the payment of levies and poor rates on account of old age and bodily infirmities.5 Accordingly, it is believed that Adron (or Adrian) was the disabled son as affirmed in a pension affidavit made on behalf of Isaac Runyon by John B. George on December 29, 1819. An entry for the household of "Non Runnyan" appears in the population schedule of the 1820 US Census for Tazewell County and consists of two males and one female all above forty-five years of age. It would seem likely that "Non" is a corruption of "Adron", which is in accord with identification of the three individuals as Adron, Isaac, and Charity Runyon. Again, this is supported by the affadavit of John B. George. (In addition, households of Isaac's sons, Benjamin and Joseph, appear on the same page of the population schedule.) Subsequently, Isaac Runyon executed powers of attorney in 1820 and 1821 appointing John B. and Henry P. George, respectively, to collect his pension payment of sixty dollars. However, no power of attorney was executed in 1822, which suggests that Isaac Runyon died sometime in the year 1821. Similarly, his wife, Charity, also seems to have died somewhat earlier, perhaps, in 1820. No burial place is known for either of them. Subsequently, Revolutionary War pension applications were made by Adam Runyon and Mary Runyon May (in regard to her first hisband, William Brabston) in 1832 and 1842, respectively, which support migration of the Runyon family from Maryland to Virginia among other details.6,7
1a. Legislative Petitions, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA: Isaac Runion, (microfilm: reel 192).
To the honorable the General Assembly of Virginia
The petition of Isaac Runion of the county of Tazewell humbly represents that he served as a Soldier in the militia on several occasions during the Revolutionary War for which he has received but one dollar By a recital of the occasions and periods of his services, your honourable body will at once perceive upon what grounds he now asks the aid of that country whose Independence his services contributed to establish. The Military services before alluded to commence in the state of New Jersey where he served two months in Capt Bruce's Regiment of Militia Your Petitioner then served one month on the Frontiers of Virginia under Captain Edwards of the Virginia Militia he next served a Tour to North Carolina in Colo William Campbells Regiment of Virginia Militia and lastly, he served a second Tour to North Carolina under Captain Edwards in Colo Walter Crocketts Regiment of Virginia Militia. The precise period of service rendered in Carolina your Petitioner cannot now recollect having been so unfortunate as to have all his papers and documents to substantiate the facts herein stated consumed by fire Your Petitioner has heretofore declined any application to the Justice of his country for a remuneration of his services but in as much as his age now exceeds four score years, the bodily infirmities attendant on that advanced age, added to the entire loss of his eye sight, have reduced him to abject poverty Your Petitioner therefore throws himself upon the Justice, the Honour the Patriotism, the liberality and the sympathy of his Country, and humbly petitions to be placed on the Pension List or relieved in such other way as may seem just and proper and your Petitioner as is duly bound will ever pray /s/Isaac Runion
Tazewell County to wit,
This day personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace for the county of Tazewell, Isaac Runion, who made oath that the statement made in the foregoing Petition and facts. Oct. 28th 1819 - /s/William Taylor
This day appeared before me William Taylor, a Justice of the Peace for the said county of Tazewell, Addron Runion who made oath that he knew that the said Isaac Runion marched on the Tours of Militia duly mentioned in the foregoing Petition. Oct. 28th 1819
In the year 1780 I first knew Mr Isaac Runion, who then resided in that part of Montgomery County now Wythe on or near Pine run; and recollect to have seen him with the Militia in service in North Carolina in Cap Frederick Edwards' Company a short time before the Battle of Guilford, but how long he served therein, or what other tours of Militia duty he performed, I cannot say. There were two men of that name at that time I think in service, the Father and the Son, but my memory does not serve me sufficiently to say distinctly that this was the case. I was then very young tho very well acquainted with Cap. Edwards and most of his company, who performed that tour of duty in North Carolina in Feb & March 1781 - I think about 14 or 15 years ago Isaac Runion removed from Wythe to Tazewell County; I have not seen him since. /s/J Prestoke Dec 29th 1819.
I Certify I am well acquainted with Isaac Runnion who petitions for a Pension, that he is eighty one years old as I have understood, & that he has been blind nine years and is in grave indigence and poverty - I also know he has a Son to support who is a Cripple and I understand has been always so. that he appears to be about fifty years old - he has also a very aged wife unable to afford any assistance - I further Certify I have heard that the said Runnion performed military Service in the Revolutionary War.
He is considered a man of much truth and credit is given to his assertions by those acquainted with him /s/John B George Dec 30th 1819
In 1819, Isaac Runyon was eighty-one years old which implies a birth year of 1738. Moreover, although not mentioned in his pension petition, there is evidence that Isaac Runyon served in the militia of Frederick County, Maryland, in 1775 and 1776. This was very early in the Revolution and if his service in New Jersey precedes this as it would seem, it is more likely that it was in the French and Indian War rather than the Revolution. Indeed, as a matter of choronology, this would be consistent with the residence of the Runyon family in New Jersey in the 1750's. Accordingly, Isaac and his son, John, evidently served in the militia of Montgomery County in 1780 and 1781, which coincides with the Battle of Guilford Courthouse as affirmed by Mr. Prestoke.
b. Revolutionary War Virginia State Pensions, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA: Isaac Runion.
Know all men by these presents that I, Isaac Runion of the County of Tazewell do hereby constitute and appoint John B George of said County my true and lawful attorney to draw from the public Treasury Sixty Dollars which has been allowed to me by an act passed at the present Session of the General Assembly placing me on the pension list and allowing the aforesaid sum of Sixty Dollars for my present relief And I do further authorize my said attorney to give such receipt or Receipts as may be lawfully required in the previous hereby ... and confirming whatever my ... attorney shall lawfully do ... my hand and seal this 28th Day of January 1820 /s/Isaac Runion (seal)
Tazewell County to Wit
Isaac Runion who hath executed the above power or Letter of attorney to John B George personally appeared before me a Justice of the peace for the aforesaid county and acknowledged the Signature to the above to be his act and deed given under my hand this 28th Day of January 1820 - /s/J Harman, justice of the peace.
Although the records are nearly illegible, Isaac Runyon executed a second power of attorney naming Henry P. George the following year, viz., January 10, 1821. John B. George signed a receipt for $60 on February 15, 1820, and Henry P. George signed a receipt that he received $60 on February 8, 1821. Since, Isaac "personally appeared" before the Justice of the Peace, he was evidently still living in early 1821; however, it may be supposed that he died not long afterward since no power of attorney was executed in 1822.
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2. Anonymous, "Maryland Historical Magazine", Vol. XII, Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD, 1916, pg 51. "List of soldiers in 'Journal of the Committee of Observation of the Middle District of Frederick County, Maryland, 12 September, 1775 to 24 October, 1776'."
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3. C. W. Crush and F. T. Ingelmire, Montgomery County, Virginia - The First Hundred Years, Iberian Publishing Co., Athens, GA, 1982, pg. 92. "A List of Men in Captain Edward's Company of Militia from 16 to 50 years of age."
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4. Mary B. Kegley, Early Adventurers on the Western Waters - Vol. II, Kegley Books, Wytheville, VA, 1982: pg. 397.
Asserts that Adam Runner was living in Draper's Valley as early as 1786, on 230 acres of land on Mack's Run. (Montgomery County Deed Book A, pg. 402) The children of Adam Runner were mentioned in a lawsuit in Wythe County Superior Court Chancery Pleas which included "Elizabeth who Married John Runyan". (Smith vs. Fugate: Wythe County Superior Court Chancery Pleas, Bk 5, pg. 669 and following.)
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5a. Netti Schreiner-Yantis, Archives of The Pioneers of Tazewell County, Virginia, self-published, Springfield, VA, 1992, pg. 202.
"Benjamin, son of Isaac and Charity Runyon, married 06 January 1807 to Polly Lusk in Tazewell County, Virginia."
b. "County ordered on 26 April 1809 that Isaac Runyan and his son, Adron, be exempted from the payment of levies and poor rates on account of old age and bodily infirmities. Tazewell County Order Book I" ibid., pg. 325.
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6. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, Washington DC: Adam Runyon R9082, (microfilm: roll M805_709; imgs. 550-8).
Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832 - State of Ohio & County of Scioto
On this fifth day of August 1836 personally appeared in open Court the said Adam Runyon of the County of Scioto aforesaid and State of Ohio and being a resident in said County and State aged eighty one years the 4th day of May 1836 he being first duly sworn according to law saith upon his oath and doth thereon make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he enlisted in the Army of the United States (... during the war of the Revolution) in the month of September 1777 at Bottetourt County State of Virginia that he enlisted under one Lieutenant James Johnson he thinks that was the squad of the said Johnson he was in this ... three or four days ... in a Company commanded by Captain Berry Leftridge this ... as the Lieutentant was ... and the Ensign's name was Smith this Company as soon as organized was marched to Hillsborough in South Carolina where the company joined the army under the command of General Greene the Regiment to which the company was attached was under the command of Colonel Daniel Morgan he thinks the company marched to Hillsborough the last of September or the first of October a few days after the company joined the army at Hillsborough the army marched to a place called Ransoms Mills in North Carolina the distance as near as he can judge at this time as eighty miles from Hillsborough. The army staid (sic - stayed) at Ransoms Mills but a short time it was then as near as he can remember marched to Cherokee Hills in South Carolina the army went into winter quarters at a place about fifteen miles from Hillsborough South Carolina the first of November in the following spring which he thinks was in 1778 the battle was fought at Guilford Courthouse this declarant was in the battle General Greene commanded Captain Berry Leftridge has been advanced to the rank of Colonel and commanded the 4th Regiment on the day of the battle to which Regiment this declarant then belonged after the battle at Guilford Courthouse the army was marched to Cross Creek in North Carolina from Cross Creek the army was marched to Newbern in North Carolina from there the army was marched to Wilmington in South Carolina from there the army was marched to Camden this declarant thinks this was in the fall of the year 1778 ... went into winter quarters at a place called the Golden Grove. During the summer and fall of the year 1779 the army was marching through North & South Carolina frequently having small skirmishes with the Tories & British. This declarant was with the army at the taking of Cornwallis after which he received an honorable discharge signed by General Washington which is ... by accident ... was burnt in the place he lived this declarant was at the battle of Guilford Court House in the battle at Camden in the battle at Kings' mountain and at the taking of Cornwallis at York Town This declarant served under General Greene as the principle Cannonader ... General Washington was at the taking of Cornwallis Colonel Morgan commanded at the battle of Kings' Mountain this declarant was also at the battle of the Cowpens where the American army took upwards of three hundred prisoners and where a young man by the name of Washington commanded the militia and in the battle cut off a British officer's ... which declarant saw after the battle was over. This declarant was born in the State of Maryland and while very young was brought by his parents to Virginia into Rockbridge County where he lived until he enlisted into the Army - after he left the army he lived in Bottetourt County Virginia for about fifteen years he moved then to Taswell (sic - Tazewell) County Virginia where he resided about five years and then moved to Cabell County Va where he has resided until the 15th or 16th of April last since which time he has resided in the County of Scioto State of Ohio where he now resides. This declarant states that previous to the passage of the law of Congress of the 7th of June 1832 and as he thinks about nine years ago he applied for a pension ... the deposition at that time of Polly Demsey who stated in said deposition that she saw declarant enlist into the army and march off into the service ... application was made at Logan County Va which was a County taken from Cabill county This declarant has no other evidence of his service than what was formerly presented to the war departement and what he has herewith sent. His officers he believes are all dead and if any of the Soldiers with which he served are living he does not know of the place of their residence This declarant did not know that he had every right to apply for a pension under the law of the 7th of June 1832 until very recently and had supposed that he was precluded from a pension by the former refusal to grant him one The said Adam Runyon hereby relinquishes every claim whatsoever to a pension or an annuity except the present and he declares that his name is not on the pension Roll of any agency in any State
Sworn to & subscribed the day any year aforesaid in open Court. /s/Adam hisXmark Runyon Attest J. N. Turner Clerk
And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion that the above named applicant was a revolutionary soldier & served as he stated. I John N. Turner Clerk of the Court of ... do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original. ... of said County in the matter of the application of Adam Runyon for a pension In testimony whereof I have set my hand & seal of office this thirteenth day of August 1836 /s/John N Turner Clerk
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7. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, Washington DC: William Brabston, Mary May W960, (microfilm: roll M805_112; imgs. 433-40).
Declaration State of Tennessee Grainger County
In order to obtain the benefits of the act of Congress of the 23th of August 1842 granting half pay and pension to certain widows
On the 22th day of March 1847 personally appeared before the subscriber & Justice of the peace Mrs Mary May formerly Mary Brabston resident of the County and State aforesaid aged seventy eight years on the 4th day of May next who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on her oath make the following declaration In order to obtain the benefits of the act of Congress passed August 23th 1842 amenditory of the act of July 7th 1838 and provides that the second marriage shall be no bar to the claimant under that act she being a widow at the time she makes application for a pension That she was formerly the widow of William Brabston who was a soldier in the Continental line of Virginia in the war of the Revolution she further declares that she was married to the said Wm Brabston in the County of Wythe and in Virginia on the 10th day of August 1788 That her husband the aforesaid Wm Brabston died on the 9th day February 1801 That he entered the service of the United States as she understod (sic - understood) from him about the commencement of the war of the Revolution and served to the close of the same she further declares that the place of his enlistment she is not positive but thinks from what she herd (sic - heard) him say it was in the County of Fredrick and State of Virginia and as to the Officers he served under with exception of Gen Wood they have escaped her memory and from the fact of her husband the aforesaid Wm Brabston naming one of his Daughters after the Daughter of Gen Wood and he informed that it was in respect to his old commander and this made a lasting impression in her mind she further declares that in the year of 1799 in company with her husband the aforesaid Wm Brabston she visited the City of Richmond Virginia for the purpose of obtaining a invalids Pension and she well recollects that her husband was examined as to his invalidity by Dr Fouchs and she is strongly under the impression that he was placed on the Pension rolls and made one draw before his death She refers the Department to the certificate of Brig Gen Wood also to his verbal will witnessed by Andrew Boyde Esa Wythe County Virginia
She further declares that she herd her husband the aforesaid Wm Brabston say that he lay at the ... was in the battle of Brandywine and at the siege of Yorktown Virginia she further declares that she was married with Peter May on March 3th 1804 and that her last husband Peter May died on the 14th day of March 1846 she further declares that she was not married to her first husband the aforesaid Wm Brabston prior to his leaving the service but the marriage took place previous to the first of January seventeen hundred and Ninety four viz at the time above stated she also refers the Department to her Family record /s/Mary herXmark May
Sworn to and subscribed on the day and year above written before me a Justice of the peace for the County aforesaid and I further certify that the said Mrs Mary May is from bodily infirmity unable to attend Court and I further certify that her family record accompanying this declaration was taken from Mrs Mary Mays Family Bible and I believe it to be the true record of the birth of her Children In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand /s/Parrott Godwin Justice of the peace
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8. 1820 US Census Population Schedule for Tazewell County, Virginia, National Archives, Washington DC: pg. 256, (microfilm: roll M33_133; img. 294).
9 Elmer Tindall Hutchinson (ed), New Jersey Archives - First Series (alt. title Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Adminstrations, Etc. Vol. VIII: 1791-1795), New Jersey Historical Society, Trenton, NJ, Scott Printing Co., Jersey City, NJ, 1942: Vol. 37, pg. 336.
10. Robert and Amos Runyon, Runyon Genealogy, privately published, Brownsville, TX, 1955, pgs. 107-14.
11. Robert Runyon, Supplement to Runyon Genealogy, United Printers and Publishers, Harlingen, TX, 1962, pgs. 195-206.
12. Lewis P. Summers, Annals of Southwest Virginia 1769-1800, Part 1, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1970, pg. 921.
13. Mary B. Kegley, Early Adventurers on the Western Waters - Vol. V: The New River of Virginia in Pioneer Days, 1745-1820, Walsworth Publishing Co., Marceline, MO, 2004, pg. 51.
14. Anonymous, "Somerset Historical Quarterly", Vol. VII, No. 2, Oct. 1918, Somerville, NJ, pg. 269.
15. Anonymous, "Magazine of Virginia Genealogy", Vol. 34, No.3, Summer 1996, Virginia Genealogical Society, Richmond, VA, pg. 245.
16. R. P. 1 Folio, Frederick County, MD, pg. 122.
17. Montgomery County Personal Property Tax List of 1782, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, (microfilm: roll - Personal Property Tax Records #241).
18. Montgomery County Land Tax List of 1782, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, (microfilm: roll - Land Tax Records #197).
19. Deed Book A, 1773-1789, Montgomery Co., VA, (James L. Douthat (tr), Mountain Press, Signal Mountain, TN, 1987, pg. 84).
20. Montgomery County Personal Property Tax List B of 1787, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, (microfilm: roll - Personal Property Tax Records #242), (August B. Fothergill and John Mark Naugle, Virginia Tax Payers 1782-87, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1974, pg. 441).
21. Wythe County Personal Property Tax List of 1793, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, (microfilm: roll - Personal Property Tax Records #350).
22. A list of Delinquencies of Revinue Within the district of Ja Hogue for the Year 1798, Montgomery Co., VA.
23. Tazewell County Personal Property Tax List of 1802, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, (microfilm: roll - Personal Property Tax Records #336).
24. Rhonda S. Roberson and Nancy Clark Baker, "The Southwest Virginian," Vol. 4, No. 19, pg. 28.
25. Duty Cemetery, Mingo County, West Virginia (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=78246&CScn=Duty&CScntry=4&CSst=52&, continuously updated).
26. Mount Lookout Cemetery, Auglaize County, Ohio (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=42267&CScn=Mount+Lookout&CScntry=4&CSst=37&CScnty=2045&, continuously updated).
27. Orra Eugene Monnette, First Settlers of ye Plantations of Piscataway and Woodbridge, olde East New Jersey, 1664-1714, a period of fifty years, The Leroy Carman Press, Los Angeles, CA, 1930-35.
28. Amali Runyon Perkins, "Isaac Runyon Chronology", www.runyongenealogy.net/#!isaacrunyon/csjw, 2015.
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