Spouse-1: ***** Bishop
Spouse-2: Sarah Morton - b: 1618 - Leiden, Holland
d: 25/Aug/1691 - Plymouth Twp., Plymouth Co., MA
m: 20/Dec/1644 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
Child-1: Ruth - b: 1645/1646 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth
m: Robert Barrow - 28/Nov/1666 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
2: Patience - b: ~1647 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
m: Richard Willis - 28/Dec/1670 - m: John Holmes - ~1681
3: Sarah - b: 4/Dec/1649 - d: 1650 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
4: Sarah - b:12/Jan/1651 - d: 1651/1652 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
5: Sarah - b: 10/Dec/1653 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
d: 10/Jan/1741(1742) or 28/Apr/1742 - Plympton, Plymouth Co., MA
m: John Bryant - 1676/1677 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
6: George, Jr. - b: 1657 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
d: 27/Apr/1748 - Plympton, Plymouth Co., MA
m: Elizabeth Jenny - 27/Apr/1681 - Plymouth Twp., New Plymouth Col.
The etymology of the English surname "Bonham" is quite straightforward: It must be an anglicization of the French "Bonhomme", which is an obvious compound literally meaning "good man".1 Of course, this has its ultimate source in the two Latin words, "bonus" (or "bonum") and "homo" (or "hominem"), which themselves derive from very ancient Indo-European roots. Furthermore, spelling variations, "Bonam", "Bonum", "Boneham", etc., frequently appear in early English and colonial civil records, but probably merely reflect local pronunciation and prevailing standards of literacy. As a proper noun, the Oxford English Dictionary identifies the earliest English usage of Bonhomme as a designation for a member of an order of begging friars that came from the continent to England in the thirteenth century. This name was subseqently identified with a reformed order of Franciscan friars called the Order of Minims founded by St. Francis de Paule, to whom King Louis XI of France reportedly attached the appellation "Bonhomme". Accordingly, it would appear that this usage was current in England during the fifteenth century as surnames became more widely adopted. Therefore, it seems likely that the surname may derive in some general way from such a source, but no details are known. Concomitantly, the Dictionary also identifies "bonham" as a rare common noun meaning a suckling pig, which can be identified as a variation or corruption of the Irish word "boneen" or "bonyeen" and, as such, almost certainly has no connection with the surname.Source Notes and Citations:
In the United States over the last two centuries fanciful immigration stories have commonly become attached to many different surnames. Typically these assert the arrival in the New World of two or three brothers each of whom take a different direction, thus, establishing the family in different parts of the country. Of course, the underlying assumption is that all individuals having the same surname are in some way related. With few exceptions, this is almost never the case. Concomitantly, there is family tradition of three brothers, Anam, George, and Samuel Bonham that came from England in the seventeenth century and settled, respectively, in Maryland, Massachusetts, and Virginia. Moreover, in his excellent work Mr. Howard E. Bonham further cites accounts of John Bonham at Plymouth in 1640 and Elizabeth Bonham who was the aunt of George Washington.2 Nonetheless, there is no compelling reason to believe that all or any of these individuals were related.
In any case, what is known is that George Bonham, aged thirty-one years, was among the thirty-six men and eight women who were listed as passengers on the ship "Phillip", which left England on June 20, 1635, from Gravesend at the mouth of the Thames River, bound for Virginia, Richard Morgan, master.3 Moreover, before departing the passengers were examined and sworn by a qualified clergyman to insure that they conformed to the orders and discipline of the Church of England. In addition, it would appear from the their stated ages that all of the passengers were relatively young and, hence, probably single, which suggests that many of them were being transported to the colonies as indentured servants. Furthermore, the destination of the voyage was stated as Virginia not New England, which would seem to conflict with any identification of George Bonham as a settler in the New Plymouth Colony. Within this context, "New England" was first applied as a geographical term in 1614 by Captain John Smith to the region around Cape Cod, i.e., so-called "northern Virginia"; however, the name was not used exclusively until sometime later. Therefore, it is plausible that the "Phillip" was actually bound for Cape Cod instead of the Chesapeake region. Similarly, it is also possible that the ship stopped in New England where some passengers disembarked after which the rest continued on to Chesapeake Bay. Alternatively, it is not impossible that George Bonham first settled in Virginia, perhaps, in indentured status, and later moved to Plymouth; however, this seems quite unlikely since travel was difficult and the colonists were of quite different character between the northern and southern colonies. According to an early issue if the New England Genealogical and Historical Register, the name of "Georg Bonum", i.e., George Bonham, appeared on a list made in 1643 of all male inhabitants of the the New Plymouth Colony between ages of sixteen and sixty who could "bear arms". In addition, Alan R. Hunt has asserted in his work that George Bonham joined the local militia in August of 1640. It is further reported by Hazie and other researchers that George Bonham married Sarah Morton as his second wife at Plymouth on December 20, 1644. Indeed, from the year 1640 and onward the name of George Bonham appears with considerable frequency in the civil records of the New Plymouth Colony.4,5,6 Accordingly, he became a freeman in 1658 with all the rights and privileges thereof. Within this context, Hazie and others have also asserted that George Bonham was living at Barnstable in 1662. However, if true he must have remained there only a very short time since his name appears almost continuously associated with the town of Plymouth. It is possible that this is a misunderstanding arising out of the record of Nicholas Bonham being admitted as an inhabitant of Barnstable at a town meeting held on October 3rd of that same year. The record stated that particular individuals were admitted because they were sons of present inhabitants and since Nicholas has been widely attributed as George's son, this would seem to imply that George must also have been an inhabitant of Barnstable at that time. However, Nicholas was the son-in-law of Samuel Fuller, Sr., who was from a prominent Pilgrim family and was already an inhabitant of Barnstable. Therefore, it seems more likely that this relationship was the basis of Nicholas' admission. (Indeed, according to prevailing customs and legal doctrines of the seventeenth century concerning the rights of husbands over the property of their wives, distinction between a son and a son-in-law was not as clear cut as it is at the present day.) Subsequent civil and church records portray George Bonham as an upstanding citizen of the New Plymouth Colony. He appears to have been held in high regard as a church member and, therefore, was undoubtedly a strict Puritan. He died at Plymouth on April 28, 1704, at an age of, perhaps, almost one hundred.7
Clearly, George Bonham was an early immigrant to the New Plymouth Colony. As such, he was almost certainly born in England and if his age as thirty-one in 1635 is accepted as factual, then his birth year was probably 1604. Alternatively, if he was ninety-five at the time of his death as asserted in church records, then he would have been born about 1609. Concomitantly, several origins have been proposed for him. Perhaps, the most widely propagated hypothesis is that George Bonham, the immigrant, was the son of William and Anne Babington Bonham. William was apparently a prosperous shipping merchant living in London, who reportedly made a lengthy will on January 31, 1638 (1639 N. S.) and must have died soon afterward because the will was proved on July 3, 1639. However, it seems that he mentioned no son named George. Hence, it is unlikely that this pedigree is correct, since George would likely have been mentioned in his father's will even if it was to disinherit him or to leave him with only a token legacy. A second hypothesis proposes that the immigrant was the son of Thomas Bonham of Stanway Hall in County Essex. Joan Bocking has been attributed as Thomas' wife and, hence, George's mother, but, this is quite uncertain. Even so, Thomas Bonham is thought to have been born about 1540, succeeded to the family estate about 1550, and married about 1567. It is believed that Thomas had three sons, viz., George, William, and John, and, moreover, Berry, in his Pedigrees of Essex Families indicates that George married Miss Bishopp as is commonly asserted for the immigrant.8 In addition, the presence of John Bonham as well as George at Plymouth in 1640 would seem to lend further support to this hypothesis. Unfortunately, the chronology implied by the pedigree is unfavorable. Clearly, if George was born in 1604 his mother would have been fifty years old at the time of his birth assuming that she was only thirteen at the time of her marriage in 1567. In all probability the wife of Thomas Bonham would have been older that this, which renders this identification extremely unlikely. A variation of this hypothesis is that George Bonham was not a son, but was, rather, a grandson of Thomas Bonham of Stanway Hall, i.e., son of Thomas' putative son, Nicholas. This alleviates the chronological difficulty, but unfortunately there is no documentary support for such a presumption. More distressing, these various pedigrees are commonly conflated, which results in considerable confusion among modern family researchers. Therefore, the origin of George Bonham in England must be properly regarded as entirely unknown. Similarly, it has not been proven, as is widely asserted, that he was a widower with a young son, Nicholas, at the time of his immigration, although it is, perhaps, very likely that there was some kind of close family relationship between George and Nicholas Bonham.
1. Patrick Hanks (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, periodically updated.
"1. English: nickname from Old French bon homme (Latin bonus homo). This had two senses relevant to surname formation; partly it had the literal meaning 'good man', and partly it came to mean 'peasant farmer'.
2. Americanized form of French Bonhomme."
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2. Howard Eugene Bonham and Jean Allin, Bonham and Related Family Lines, Bonham Book(s), 5104 Bridlington Ln., Raleigh, NC, 27612, printed by Genie Plus, Bradenton, FL, 1996: pgs. xiii-xxi.
"In 1633, Anam Bonham first arrived in Maryland. He came in the 'Ark and Dove.' Later, he removed to Long Island, New York, where 22 Jan 1652 he received a conveyance of a house and plantation at Gravesend from George Jewell. Recorded as 'Enum Benum.' He sold the same property to Maudlinn Jansen on 19 Nov 1652. While among the Dutch, his kinsman or associate, John Bennem, was referred to as 'an Englishman.' [First Settlers Of Piscataway And Woodbridge, pp. 792, 793.]"
"In 1635, George Bonham, age 31, according to the passenger list of the ship Phillip was bound for Virginia, however, he landed in Plymouth, MA."
"n 1640, Thomas Pope of Plymouth, sold a five acre grant of land at the 'fishing point near Slowly Field' to a John Bonham. What happened to John is unknown. One writer suggests that 'maybe sickness took him' or 'possibly he led a sea-faring life.'" Further records indicate that John Bonham married Margery, widow of Thomas Alcock or Alcott. Subsequently, she appeared as a widow, Margery Bonham, who married for a third time in 1666, Richard Pritchard.
"1653, July 4. Samuel Bonham in Virginia, received a grant for 300 acres on the Potomac in Northumberland County"
"'Jersey Genealogy' refers to an Elizabeth Bonham, who was the sister of Mary Ball of Virginia, who was the wife (sic - mother) of George Washington. 'Genealogies of Virginia Families,' William & Mary College Quarterly, Historical Magazine, Vol. III, p. 194, clarifies the relationship."
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3. John Camden Hotten (ed.), The Original Lists of Persons of Quality, Chatto and Windus, London, 1874: pgs. 94-5. (Reprint available from Genealogical Publishing Co., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, MD, 21202-3897) (cited op. cit. (H. E. Bonham): pg. xvi.) (The Voyages, Vessels, People, and Places of English America 1500 - 1820, www.english-america.com/index.html, 2003.)
"20 June 1635, These underwritten names are to be transported to Virginia imbarqued in the Phillip Richard Morgan Mr. the men have been examined by the Minister of the towne of Gravesend of their conformite to the orders & discipline of the Church of England: And tooke the oath of Alleg. die et A. prd."
Men: William Arundell, 32; George Bonham, 31; William Bransby, 34; John Coachman, 28; Robert Davies, 28; Richard Dawson, 31; Nathaniell Disnall, 23; Thomas Edwards, 20; William Enson, 33; Tymothie Featlie, 23; John Gorham, 18; Thomas Gorham, 19; James Habroll, 22; Edward Halock, 22; John Hart, 33; George Hill, 23; Peter Johnson, 36; Richard Johnson (JNoSON), 19; John Lawters, 17; Alexander Leake, 22; John Mason, 16; Samuell Milner (SAmVELL, with line over the "m"), 18; Robert Morgan, 33; Isack Owdell, 22; Thomas Poslett, 23; James Quarrier, 22; John Reddam, 32; Nicholas Rippin, 31; William Rogers, 35; John Shawe, 30; John Taylor, 16; William Taylor, 36; Thomas Trumball, 22; Richard Uppcott, 26; Richard Wilson, 19; James York, 21.
Women: Marie Baker, 25; Ann: Barnie (colon is in original), 23; Katherin Bowes, 20; Ellin Burgis, 45; Marcie Langford, 24; Sara Shawe, 18; Suzan Trash (or Trask), 25; Elizabeth Willerton, 18.
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4a. On August 29, 1640, George Bonham, spelled alternatively Bonum, and Bonam, bought a house and land from Thomas Pope. (New Plymouth Colony Deeds, etc., 1620-51. (reprinted in Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff and David Pulsifer (eds), Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, W. White, printer, Boston, MA, 1855-61: Vol. 12, pg. 61. (reprinted AMS Press, New York, NY, 1968.)) (cited in Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony, Its History and People, 1620-1691, Ancestry Pub., Salt Lake City, UT, 1986: pg. 246.))
b.On January 5, 1640 (1641 N. S.) a dispute between George Bonham and George Bower was sent to arbitration, with Manasseh Kempton and James Hurst taking Bonham's side and John Winslow and William Paddy taking Bower's side. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 2, pg. 6.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
c. At about this same time, George Bonham also bought a house and land at Eel River from Richard Willis, who had recently purchased it from William Dennis. (New Plymouth Colony Deeds, etc., 1620-51. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 12, pg. 69.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
d. George Bonham and Sarah Morton married December 20, 1644. She was the daughter of George and Juliana (Carpenter) Morton. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 2, pg. 79.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
e. In 1649, George Bonham for consideration of £3 bought additional land at Eel River from John Barnes. This land had previously belonged to Mark Mendlove. (New Plymouth Colony Deeds, etc., 1620-51. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 12, pg. 166.) (cited ibid.: pgs. 178 & 246.))
f. In 1658 George Bonham became a freeman of the New Plymouth Colony and served as a grand juror. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 3, pgs. 135-7.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
g. In 1659 the court found George Bonham's charges that John Smith had made opprobrious speeches against him to be frivolous, and ordered Bonham and Smith to choose some of their neighbors to hear the controversy and make an end to it. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 3, pg. 169.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
h. On June 3, 1662, the name of George Bonham was included in the list of ancient freeman and others to obtain land at Taunton. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 4, pg. 20.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
i. On June 7, 1665, George Bonham was granted a thirty acre share of land near the Nemasket River. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 4, pg. 94.) (cited ibid.: pg. 246.))
j. George Bonham was a surety for Thomas Lucas twice and John Dunham the younger once. The first occasion for Lucas was on March 5, 1660 (1661 N. S.) at which time he was found guilty of being drunk a third time and was required to find sureties for his good behavior. John Wood and George Bonham each put up £10 to assure his appearance at the next court, but on the same day Lucas presented himself at court drunk and disorderly for which he was immediately imprisoned and fined forty shillings. Subsequently, on March 30, 1664, Lucas was charged with abusing his wife, and Stephen Bryant and George Bonham each put up £5 for his appearance at court. If there was any relationship between Lucas and Bonham, it is not clear; however, Stephen Bryant's son, John, married George's youngest daughter Sarah. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 3, pgs. 206-7 & Vol. 4, pg. 55.) (cited ibid.: pgs. 161-2 & 246-7.))
k. On March 8, 1678 (1679 N. S.) the court, in referring to the settlement of the estate of Richard Willis, mentioned land which he had been given by his father-in-law, i.e., George Bonham. (New Plymouth Colony Court Orders, 1630-91. (reprinted ibid.: Vol. 6, pg. 4.) (cited ibid.: pg. 247.))
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5. New England Genealogical and Historical Register, Vol. 7, pg. 179, 1853.
November 18, 1669, George Bonum (i.e., Bonham) served as witness to the will of Capt. Thomas Southworth at Plymouth.
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6. On February 15, 1683, "Gorge Bonum senir of .... Plymouth .... Laborer .... in Consideration of the Natural affection .... I Beare unto my granddaughter Ruhamah Willis the Daughter of Richard Willis of Plymouth aforsaid Deceased and other good Considerations" conveyed to "the said Ruhamah Willis .... all that my Share Lott or portion of meadow graunted unto mee by the Towne of Plymouth Containing six acrees .... in the lower south meddows soe Called .... my six acrees therof is bounded on the Northerly nearest with the Meddow Land of Nathaniel: Morton senir of Plymouth aforsaid Runing over thawrt the Meddow from upland to upland over the river that runeth through the said Meddow". The witnesses were Baruch Jourdaine and Nathaniel Morton, Jr. George Bonum acknowledged the deed, "As alsoe Sarah his wife Gave her free Consent", on 20 February, 1683, before William Bradford, Deputy Governor. (New Plymouth Colony Deeds, Bk. 5, pg. 259.)
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7a. "Anno 1687 ... Letters were sent to our church to desire us to attend the ordination of Mr Samuel Danforth to the office of a Pastour (here the words '& they' were crossed out) in the church at Taunton; they particularly requested the Pastour & Elder, & a messenger to be sent; because the Elder could not goe, the church chose two bretheren, viz, George Bonum & Nathaniel Wood, who both attended the Pastour to that solemnity, on September, 21: the Proceedings in the management whereoff, the Pastour gave an account of unto the Church the Sabbath following, Sep: 25:" Part V (not including the title) contains 16 leaves, or 32 pages. Some of the pages measure 8 1/8 inches in height by 6 inches in width, but others are smaller. Some of the leaves are badly worn, especially at the corners, and the original page numbers have in many cases partly or wholly disappeared. The pages, however, have been numbered in pencil, and this notation has been followed in the published volume. As the paper of Part V differs from that of Parts I-IV, and as it has no watermark, Part V could not have been a portion of the original vellum covered volume. Part V is wholly (except for the title) in the hand of the Rev. John Cotton, and evidently contains the notes (made no doubt at the times of entry) from which Mr. Cotton compiled the "further account" which forms Part II. As Part V begins with 1682 and ends with 1693, and thus covers only twelve years of Mr. Cotton's pastorate, presumably there were once in existence other pages which have since disappeared. The title, "Part of the Records of of the 1rst Church of Plymouth. Massachusetts" was written on a piece of paper, pasted to the first page, measuring 8 inches in height by 6 1/8 inches in width and was by a much later hand. The verso is blank. (Plymouth Church Records, Part V, pg. 13. (reprinted in Plymouth Church Records, 1620-1859, Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, 1920-3.))
b. "The chh of Taunton sent letters to desire us to come to the ordination of mr Samuel Danforth to be their Pastor; the Elder could not goe, the church chose & sent Bro: George Bonum & Bro: Nathaniel Wood to attend the Pastor to that solemnity, who did soe, September, 21:" Part II is a portion of the original vellum covered volume and contains 18 leaves, or 36 pages, of which two (the verso of pages 31 and 34) are blank. The pages measure 11 1/4 inches in height by 7 1/2 inches in width. Pages 1-29 of the text (pages 142-184 of the oublished volume), are wholly in the hand of the Rev. John Cotton, except three marginal entries - one on page 8 of the text and the other two on page 20. Pages 30-34 of the text, in an unknown hand, were originally not numbered, but page numbers have been inserted in pencil by a later hand. Mr. Cotton's account was written about 1697 or 1698. (Plymouth Church Records, Part II, pg. 15. (reprinted ibid.))
c. "George Bonum senr dyed april 28th 1704 95 years old" ... "Aprill 28th 1704 dyed our brothr George Bonham, he lived to a good old age, being about 95 years of age he was a man almost all men Spake well of & is gone to receve his Crown." Part III is also a portion of the original vellum covered volume and contains 23 leaves, or 46 pages the leaves being the same size and the watermark identical to Parts I and II. The pages also measure 11 1/4 inches in height by 7 1/2 inches in width. Pages 23, 25, 27, and 29 are blank; two pages are not numbered; what ought to be page 22 was numbered 21, the error being continued to the end; and two pages were misnumbered 32 and 33, thus causing a reduplication of two page numbers. Part III is in the hand of the Rev. Ephraim Little, with the exception of two entries on pages 33 and 41. (Plymouth Church Records, Part III, pgs. 1 & 9. (reprinted ibid.))
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8. "THE BONHAM FAMILY GEORGE BONHAM ... was born about 1618, probably in England and died in Plymouth, Mass., 28 April 1704, aged eighty-six years; He married first in England a 'Miss Bishop' of which nothing is known and secondly he married at Plymouth, Mass., 20 December 1644, Sarah Morton, daughter of George & Juliana (Carpenter) Morton, who was born at Leyden, Holland, in 1618, and died in Plymouth, Mass., 25 August 1691. George Bonham was made a Freeman in Plymouth in 1657. On November 1,
1647, with consent of his wife, Sarah, he sold land there to John Faunce, the deed being witnessed by Manasseh and Jane Kempton, Sarah's step-father and her mother. In 1653 he bought land of Richard Sparrow and some of John Rickard. All this land was in Plymouth. On 17 June 1659, he bought more land there of Nathaniel Masterson. He built a house in Plymouth in 1678, which is still standing. A year later, on the 21st of February 1679, he deeded land to his daughter Ruth and her husband Robert Barrow. He witnessed the will of Capt. Thomas Southworth, his cousin by marriage in 1669. With Nathaniel Wood, 'Bro George Bonum' went to Taunton to represent the Plymouth Church at the ordination of Rev. Samuel Danforth, 21 September 1687." This researcher further proposes the Stanway Hall pedigree back through Thomas of Stanway Hall, William, Thomas, Nicholas, and John born in 1356. (Lyndon Laney; database - :1563859; worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com, 2001.)
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9. New Plymouth Colony "Able to Bear Arms" List of 1643. (reprinted op. cit. (Shurtleff and Pulsifer): Vol. 8, pgs. 187-96.) (cited op. cit. (Stratton): pgs. 439-46.)
10. John Simpson (chief ed.), Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, continuously updated. (Available electronically at dictionary.oed.com)
11. Elmer Burt Hazie, Bonham, 1631-1973: letters, quotations, genealogical charts, military records, directory index, privately published, Los Angeles, CA, 1973: pgs. 23-4. (rev. of Emmet Lincoln Smith, Smith-Bonham, 1631-1908, privately published, Chicago, IL, 1911; also Emmet Lincoln Smith, rev. by Elmer Burt Hazie, Bonham, 1631-1959: letters, quotations, genealogical charts, illustrations, military record, directory, privately published, Los Angeles, CA, 1959 & Elmer Burt Hazie, Bonham, 1631-1975: letters, quotations, genealogical charts, military records, directory index, privately published, Los Angeles, CA, 1975.)
12. Orra Eugene Monnette, First Settlers of ye Plantations of Piscataway and Woodbridge, olde East New Jersey, 1664-1714, a period of fifty years, The Leroy Carman Press, Los Angeles, CA, 1930-35: Part 4, pgs. 792-3.
13. Olive Barrick Rowland, Genealogical Notes of the Sutton and Rittenhouse Families of Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Garrett & Massie, Pub., Richmond, VA, 1935: pg. 175.
14. Trula Fay Parks Purkey, Genealogy of William Bonham, Pioneer Settler of Grayson County, Virginia, 731 Rockbridge Rd., Trout Dale, VA, 1984: pgs. 1-3.
15. Samuel Jeremiah Bonham, The Bonham Family, privately published, Niles, OH, 1955: pg. 3.
16. Alan Russell Hunt, The Hunt Connection, privately published, Sacramento, CA, 1983: pgs. 252-3.
17. New England Genealogical and Historical Register, Vol. 4, pg. 266, 1850.
18. Clarence Almon Torrey, "New England Marriages Prior to 1700", manuscript. (Republished by Genealogical Publishing Co., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, MD, 21202-3897, 1985: pgs. 40, 47, & 82.)
19. William Berry, County Genealogies: Pedigrees of Essex Families, E. Barwick, litho., Sherwooed, Gilbert & Piper, London, UK, ~1840.
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