Data Analysis

This section will discuss how to analyze your data. Although the instructions are geared to Spss for Windows, the underlying considerations and procedures apply to any statistical analysis software.


codebook and data entry
data analysis
recoding variables
creating new variables
comparing means across categories
Cluster Analysis
Data Presentation.

Data Analysis

Now you are ready to start analyzing your data. It is a good idea at this point to stop and think through what you are going to do. Remind yourself what your question is, and decide what analyses you need in order to answer it.  There's nothing wrong with exploratory analyses - but don't get lost in them!

Continue with Example

Presenting your results

For a detailed discussion of how to present results of your analysis, click here: Presenting your results. For the example, I have created two other variables related to group outcomes, following the procedures outlined in the above.

A final word: Don't be afraid to play around with the commands in SPSS - just be sure you save your data file, and your output file, first! If you are really paranoid, take your floppy out of the disk drive before you start experimenting.
I would appreciate receiving your comments and suggestions about this demonstration. Please e-mail me at 

Return to:

Top of this page

SP399 Home Page

David Ritchie's Home Page

Communication Studies
(PSU Home Page)

This page is maintained by David Ritchie, e-mail:
Last updated on July 29, 1999.