Introduction to

Nano-science and Nano-technology

SCI 382U and PH 382U

 

Last updated: November 11, 2018

 

SRTC, room 101, Mo/We 12:00 to 13:50 pm

 

Lecturer: Peter Moeck, Dr. rer. nat. (Crystallography), PhD

Professor of Physics

Office Hours: Tuesday and Thursday 12:00-12:30 pm and by appointment

Office Location: SRTC, room 404, pmoeck at pdx.edu

Tel. 503 725 4227, but I do prefer to communicate with my students per e-mail or in person (right after class is fine)

 

Access and Inclusion for Students with Disabilities PSU values diversity and inclusion; we are committed to fostering mutual respect and full participation for all students. My goal is to create a learning environment that is equitable, useable, inclusive, and welcoming. If any aspects of instruction or course design result in barriers to your inclusion or learning, please notify me. The Disability Resource Center (DRC) provides reasonable accommodations for students who encounter barriers in the learning environment. If you have, or think you may have, a disability that may affect your work in this class and feel you need accommodations, contact the Disability Resource Center to schedule an appointment and initiate a conversation about reasonable accommodations. The DRC is located in 116 Smith Memorial Student Union, 503-725-4150, drc@pdx.edu,https://www.pdx.edu/drc.


If you already have accommodations, please contact me to make sure that I have received a faculty notification letter and discuss your accommodations. Students who need accommodations for tests and quizzes are expected to schedule their tests to overlap with the time the class is taking the test.

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and for the campus as a whole. Please be aware that as a faculty member, I have the responsibility to report any instances of sexual harassment, sexual violence and/or other forms of prohibited discrimination. If you would rather share information about sexual harassment, sexual violence or
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When augmented by biophysics and structural/molecular ­­biology, classical materials science and engineering (MSE) becomes an exciting avenue for approaching the fields of nano-science and nano-technology. You must learn a bit about the classical MSE field, and some of the elementary physical (mostly quantum mechanical) principles in order to appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of nanoscience. A recent paper (J. Mater. Educ. 36 (2014) 77-96) describes the course goals and my reasoning behind teaching it. 

 

As for the usage of “information technology in class” and multi-tasking, research shows that it does more harm than good. It is also like passive smoking; even the students who want to concentrate on the lecture get distracted by it. So find some way of dealing with that please amongst yourself. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awAMTQZmvPE 

 

This course is pretty rigorous as far as general science education classes go. Rigorous instruction “… requires students to construct meaning for themselves, impose structure on information, integrate individual skills into processes, operate within but at the outer edge of their abilities, and apply what they learn in more than one context and to unpredictable situations.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rigour

 

We consider the field of nano-science and nano-technology as a technoscience, i.e. include ”… the technological and social context of scienceTechnoscience recognises that scientific knowledge is not only socially coded and historically situated but sustained and made durable by material (non-human) networks.” Technoscience - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Techno-science has been identified with what happens to the sciences once an engineering mentality gets hold of them” and “theorizes things as simple so as to render a world that is subject to technical control” [A. Nordmann, “Vanishing friction events and the inverted Platonism of technoscience,” In: Research Objects in their Technological Setting, B. Bensaude Vincent et al., London, Routledge, 2017, pp. 56–69]. By means of an embracing of the techno-science label, real nanotech achievements that made it onto the covers of high-status scientific journals can often be summarized as “we made a nanowidget” in the real world rather than just simulated it [R. A. L. Jones, ”What has nanotechnology taught us about contemporary technoscience?,” In: “Quantum Engagements: Social Reflections of Nanoscience and Emerging Technologies”, T. Zülsdorf et al., eds., IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 13–26, 2011].

 

What the course attempts to clarify is that nano-science as such is pretty cool, and MUCH more than the moving around of atoms and molecules on a metal surface in ultrahigh vacuum at exceedingly low temperatures with the help of a scanning tunneling microscope tip.

 

I do not require my students to purchase any book. First, there is so far no STANDARD 300 level text book on introductory nano-science and nano-technology. However there are many books on: 'classical materials science and engineering as the epitome of interdisciplinary', so if you want to know about the MSE approach, I recommend:

 

R. W. Cahn, The Coming of Materials Science, Pergamon, 2001, only about $ 60, but covers an enormous range, i.e. essentially the whole field plus its historic context up to the establishment of nano-science and –engineering, my personal recommendation !!

 

There is some kind of an “undergrad textbook” with material for a whole year: Introduction to Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, G. L. Hornyak, H. F. Tibbals, J. Dutta, and J. J. Moore, CRC Press, Boca Raton 2009, it is actually two books in one as there is also Introduction to Nanoscience and Foundations of Nanotechnology available separately from the same publisher by the same authors. What I personally do not like about this book is its somewhat excessively long prose; physicists often like to make their arguments with formulae (i.e. some special kind of unambiguous poetry) and derive where something interesting is coming from by combining a bunch of other formulae. Also whenever there are several authors and the editor did a less then perfect job (or when there were several editors that were not all experts in the field), there is often overlap between chapters. There are some mistakes and misconceptions, and way too much uncritical emphasis around the unsubstantiated conjectures of Drexler (3D printing at the atomic level, assemblers, molecular manufacturing), and Kurzweil (singularity scenario, longevity escape velocity), for my liking. So this book is NOT really recommended by me at the 300 level. Nevertheless, I will use some of their figures.

 

Another recent textbook, Science at the Nanoscale, An Introductory Textbook, by C. W. Shong, S. C. Haur, and A. T. S. Wee, (Pan Stanford Publ. 2010) does not have these problems. It is similar to C. Binns, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Wiley, 2010, which is a really good read at bedtime. Concentrating more on the physical aspects of nanotech and being consistently at a higher level that the two better undergraduate nanoscience textbooks above (so more suited for a beginning graduate student in physics), a pretty good textbook is E. L. Wolf, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology, An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, 2nd enlarged Edition, Wiley-VCH, 2006.

 

A very nice introduction to the physics, chemistry, and biology, and engineering at the nanometer scale for graduate students is S. M. Lindsay, Introduction to Nanoscience, Oxford University Press 2010. It is unique in so far as the three sciences and engineering are considered on an equal footing. Here is a link to a popular science book on nanotech and here another one to a more serious book.

 

A mixture of what is in the books above, classical materials science and –engineering and some very basic introductory quantum mechanics is what we are going to cover.

 

The approach taken in this course follows a successful course on nanomaterials at Northwestern University that has been running for more than fifteen years. That course is designed from the MSE perspective, which means that the field can be depicted symbolically by the MSE tetrahedron where all vertices are of equal importance and represent (1) atomic structure and chemical composition, (2) physical and chemical property, (3) synthesis and processing, and (4) performance under environmental constraints as well as property per cost ratio. The nano-MSE tetrahedron is an augmentation: there are four more “degrees of design freedom” to be incorporated to define it as a discipline, (5) the nanometer size of the entity, the shape (6) and topology (7) of the entity (be it an inorganic crystal or a macromolecular assembly), and somewhat more loosely defined the (8) dimensionality of the entity. So it is time to come up with some new paradigm for the nano aspects of MSE.

 

To highlight a certain aspect of MSE, it is customary to depict the MSE tetrahedron with one of the four equal vertices up (making them in effect not-quite equal to highlight the effect that one aspect has on the other aspects), e.g. S. M. Allen and E. L. Thomas, The Structure of Materials, Wiley, 1999.

 

This course will also be a little bit biased towards atomistic structure, because I believe with Samuel M. Allen and Edwin L. Thomas that there is a common set of principles governing the structure and properties of many different types of materials .. an understanding of these principles forms the foundation of a modern education in the field of materials science and engineering .. Facility with crystallography is a primary skill for communication in materials science and engineering.

 

Along similar lines, Bernhardt Wuensch defines materials science as being primarily about the relation between the structure of matter and its properties and materials engineering as being primarily about the modification of properties and performance during processing, and after with the manufacturing process.

 

One may, thus, define the materials science and engineering super-discipline loosely as being about communications between (materials) scientist and (materials) engineers. Surely a common scientific language is needed for this communication to happen. As far as the crystalline state is concerned, this language is classical crystallography and its words are the crystallographic core concepts. Generalized crystallography deals with the structure of condensed matter in general. It is “the science of structures at a particular level of organization, being concerned with structures bigger than those represented by simple atoms but smaller than those of, for example, the bacteriophage.” This definition predates the well established definition of nano-science and nano-technology by some 25 years. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria and possess diameters on the order of 30 nm. Generalized crystallography is, therefore, the structural basis of nano-science and nano-technology.  

 

 

What this course tries to achieve:

 

- To give an overview of the whole field of nano-science and nano-technology to all interested PSU students and anybody interested from the Greater Portland Area

- Illustrate some simple physical laws of structure-property-size-shape relationships of crystalline engineering materials at the nanometer scale

- Help you study applications that involve nano-structured materials

- Allow you to develop your capabilities to critically evaluate nanotechnology related news claims / distinguishing real progress from hype

- Help you build a healthy foundational outlook for life-long learning.

 

 

For all of that, you have to learn some materials science and –engineering first and also cover a few basics of crystallography, but you will get this from a genuine crystallographer (i.e. me), so the emphasis is on the correct usage of the core concepts!

 

Breakdown of final grade:

20 % attendance, it is OK to miss up to two classes if really good justifications can be provided

35 % written exam (full 2 hours session for that day), Monday November 19 at the regular class time, to be returned in class the following Wednesday and to be collected after you had a good look at it, discussed grading issues, …

 

Final essay (45%): due on Wednesday, December 5, 10:15 to 10:25 am, to be handed in at the regular class room, it’s OK to send it in per email attachment to that deadline or earlier (but not much later), if you want to have a look at it, come to my office later on during office hours, you may also keep it if you like

 

For this final essay, read this article, http://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/8148/8148counterpoint.html, think about it for some time, write up to three or four pages on what you think who won the argument and most importantly why. For a well balanced argument, you should also consider reading and thinking about some of the background, e.g. http://cohesion.rice.edu/naturalsciences/smalley/emplibrary/sa285-76.pdf, http://www.softmachines.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Against_Transhumanism_1.0_small.pdf, and http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/paper for IEEE 2018 invited talk.pdf.

 

You may also like to explore an apparently worldwide conspiracy by guess who, (of course some rouge US government officials backing mad scientists and the rest of the world not noticing): http://www.metamodern.com/d/04/00/FeynmanToFunding.pdf (if the link does not work, click here), read the great theoretical physicist R. P. Feynman himself  http://www.zyvex.com/nanotech/feynman.html and perhaps to counterbalance what that really wise man has said - even some BS http://www.foresight.org/Updates/Update53/Update53.1.html and http://e-drexler.com/d/05/00/ProductiveNanosyst.pdf (if the latter link doesn’t work, click here). Especially if you aspire to become a physicist or physics teacher, I would very much like you to read what is at the latter link and make an assessment to the very best of your knowledge of modern physics).

 

Also you may like to find out for yourself who is a real scientist and who might just be and eloquent charlatan, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6cW7ZHyZxc0, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EyFYFjESkWU,

and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybR4l7F83_U. As Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra said: “One sees a lot when one looks carefully.”

 

You may like to include into your essay why exact definitions matter. Some three to four pages should suffice; more concise is always better in life than using too many words and repeating oneself needlessly. It would also be nice to have some graphs, illustrations, a list of references, … is short anything that makes for a good essay.

 

The course was originally designed as a part of a sequence of three lecture courses (and one laboratory course) dealing with the incremental, evolutionary, and radial varieties of nanotechnology. The team behind this development would like to take 5 minutes of your time to make our case https://vimeo.com/57510106.

 

 

Lecture Plan and Downloads

 

Note that this plan may change as we progress.

"Go make yourself a plan - and be a shining light. Then make yourself a second plan - for neither will come right." - Berthold Brecht

 

Life is what happens to you while you're busy making other plans.” John Lennon

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Rnq1NpHdmw John Oliver, spot on our topic although nanoscience is not singled out, about 10 minutes, after that a discussion of these power point slides http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/science is not broken.ppt, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0zZYBALbZgg, 8 minutes on null hypothesis testing, see also https://nickbostrom.com/ethics/values.html for an emerging religion that claims to be based on wild extrapolations of contemporary science.

Five Sigma - Sixty Symbols https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThP51oPttS0 14 min

 

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/nanotech_intro.ppt

 

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/Moores laws.ppt

 

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/narrow_AI.ppt

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xnA5cNJkk3k BBC, The Jan Hendrik Schoen story with English subtitles, about 45 minutes, transcript at the BBC website: https://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2004/hendrikshontrans.shtml

 

The high priest of transhumanism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EyFYFjESkWU in discussion with Dr. Niel deGrasse Tyson, 21 minutes,

his so called “methodology” explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1km56ka9Gnw, less than three minutes,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_PRLsRYMBIg (45 minutes just talk, no moving pictures, but good subtitles)

 

and something to be analyzed in class from the Oxford Martin School, http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rwh3IFvx97g 15 minutes, 720 dpi

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploratory_engineering,  i.e. “the process of designing and analyzing detailed hypothetical models of systems that are not feasible with current technologies or methods, but do seem to be clearly within the bounds of what science considers to be possible within the narrowly defined scope of operation of the hypothetical system model” exploratory engineering read out from this source :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEhWy63tvss. Does this makes sense to you? It does not to me because I do prescribe to the scientific method.

 

Kim Erik Drexler, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQHA-UaUAe0&t=52s, (or alternatively https://media.pdx.edu/my-media, My Channels / View channels I am a member off), the exploratory-nano-engineer-in-chief (anti-scientist) being introduced by the general AI scare-monger-in-chief and former stand-up comedian, https://nickbostrom.com/papers/future.pdf, about 55 minutes, 480 dpi

Exponential Technology Literacy: Neil Jacobstein Singularity University https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUWosx9lJ4o 19 min, Jan 7, 2013

 

Nanofactory Animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqyZ9bFl_qg, 5 min,

 

there are several things not quite right in these movies and in what has been said, by the end of the course you should be clear on all of these “ambiguities” or “screw ups” and have a much better understanding of progress in the applied sciences and engineering in general

 

the real molecular machines https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_tYrnv_o6A 6 min, will it be possibly to build these machines (or better versions of them) by Drexler’s atomically precise manufacturing principles???

 

boy and his CO molecule: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSCX78-8-q0, 1:30 min

 

how the movie “boy and his atom” was made: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA4QWwaweWA, 5 minutes

 

 

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/STEM%20movement%20of%20Si%20atoms.ppt

 

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/single.avi

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/double.avi

 

 

Future Technologies and their Possible Impacts: Utility Fog https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F_SRwrCF6Q 6:30 min

 

 

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 “for the design and synthesis of molecular machines”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfB4NHDI83Q

(no subtitles: https://nobelmedia.akamaized.net/flashcontent/announcement_2016_che_02_496.mp4), 1:40 to 2 min, then 3:40 to 17:00, interview over the phone up to 28, interview with Professor Sara Snogerup Linse, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry from 31:30 to 39:40 (alternatively https://nobelmedia.akamaized.net/flashcontent/announcement_2016_che-interview_01_496.mp4, 7:30 minutes

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/nobel%20prize%20chemistry%202016.ppt,

 

Nobel lecture: Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7DqCz0nQzU 35:30 min

 

Francis Villatoro (2011, Nov. 9). A four-wheeled molecule moving on a metal surface driven by the absorption of light https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I5JgJsjq3Q4 5 seconds

 

 

Proteins: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvTv8TqWC48, 7 minutes, From DNA to Protein https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3fOXt4MrOM, 4.30 min

 

From DNA to protein - 3D, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gG7uCskUOrA, 3 min, how the ribosome is formed (Life Science - Protein synthesis (Translation) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmrUzDYAmEI 6 minutes

make up your own mind when you compare what you have seen in the so called nanofactory with the actual Molecular basis of life: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpHaxzroYxg, 20 min,

The Inner Life of the Cell - Protein Packing, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdmbpAo9JR4, 4 minutes, how DNA is taken to expose single strands https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_SGoDIkscXg, 5 minutes, ATP synthase: Structure and Function https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b_cp8MsnZFA, 4 minutes, ATP Synthase in Action https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2my52zQA6k, 5 min, 

 

 

Nobel Prize in chemistry 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yc97ATQvVow&t=1358s, from 3:15 to 13:30, questions 16:12 to 22:40, more by the lady expert who made the introduction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ecpiWFOCvU (8 minutes), phone calls from Stockholm https://youtu.be/lSrPOWgtkh4, https://youtu.be/b1jQCTh1hUs, 6 minutes, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=56JVASBh3x0 (3 minutes)

Special treat Frances Arnold: New enzymes by evolution, one year before she won the Nobel Prize: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05r-FLGtsEQ 39 minutes, 2016 Millennium Technology Prize to Frances Arnold - Directed evolution, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=es86W2sYl3I 5:15 min

How Enzymes Work https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yk14dOOvwMk 5min

 

note that there is no Nobel Prize for Biology, the prizes were for bio-nano-science and – technology 

 

Nobel Prize in physics 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaLDsBS5jVE, optical tweezers between minutes 5:30 and 8:30, Kinesine http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAva4g3Pk6k, 2 minutes

(a moving kinesin molecule: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbycQf1TbM0 3:30 minutes, please ignore the reference to intelligent design at the very end), after that the other half of the 2018 Physics Nobel prize also related to nanoscience, from 25:00 to the end, interview of a committee member

Laser Cooling - Sixty Symbols https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drnq_6ffTbo 9 min

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/nobel prizes chemistry physics 2018.ppt, some more explanations on the 2018 Nobel prizes in Chemistry and Physics

 

Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gqwFR5AmpZ4 35 min total, start 1:33, forward 2:35 – 15:10, questions: up to 25:30, but not interesting, 28:26 interview with a committee member.

James Allison's Cancer Research Breakthrough https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySG2AwpSZmw 4:30 min  

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/nobel prize medicine 2018.ppt, some more explanations on this 2018 Nobel prize

 

 

Nobel memorial Prize of the Sveriges Ricksbank in Economics (given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) 2018 https://youtu.be/MVr2uWMjoPk, 3:10 to 26

http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/intro-nano-class-2018/economics nobel memorial prize 2018.ppt, some more explanations on the 2018 Nobel memorial  prize in economics

 

 

 

 

a seminar at a Canadian Research University, Richard Jones, FRS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNr7mTjbH0E, 1 hour 16 minutes, also https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1007&v=og0c3YoT5xg for an interview in the singularity one on one series

 

 

 

Nano-bio

 

The Central Dogma of Biology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kOGOY7vthk 3 min

 

Cell Signals (Full length) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=89W6uACEb7M 14 min

 

Inner Life of the Cell (Full Version - Narrated) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzcTgrxMzZk 8 min

 

Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pp17E4E-O8 4 min

 

Inner mitochondrial membrane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdF3mnyS1p0, 5 minutes

 

Cell division https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_tYrnv_o6A, 5 minutes

 

Drew Berry: Animations of unseeable biology, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFCvkkDSfIU,

 

Astonishing molecular machines: Drew Berry at TEDxSydney https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfB8vQokr0Q 14:30 min

 

CRISPR: Gene editing and beyond: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YKFw2KZA5o

 

IMMUNOTHERAPY: The Path to a Cancer Cure (For Clinicians https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UbFjiWOBErA 8:45 min connected to Nobel prize Medicine 2018

 

 

Ron Vale (UCSF, HHMI) 1: Molecular Motor Proteins: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9RUHJhskW00, 35 minutes

 

Mitochondria: the cell's powerhouse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkYEYjintqU, 5:20 min

 

Electron Transport Chain https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdF3mnyS1p0 8 minutes

 

Organelles of the Cell (updated) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKmaq7jPnYM 30 min

 

Science - Amazing Process of Photosynthesis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pFaBpVoQD4E 5 min

 

Inorganic nano

Seeing atom within a nanoparticle in 3D by electron tomography: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yqLlgIaz1L0 2:30 min

 

MOSFET: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=stM8dgcY1CA, 8 minutes

 

Short introduction for this course:

 

A more detailed introduction for a higher level course: http://web.pdx.edu/~pmoeck/phy381/definitions-illustrations%20nanotech.pdf, 121 slides

 

 

Simple quantum mechanics

 

Position momentum uncertainty https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p7bzE1E5PMY 15 min

 

Quantum Mechanics: Animation explaining quantum physics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iVpXrbZ4bnU 26 min

 

Quantum Nanoscience — Gerard Milburn, ISS2013 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b_SzNRtD5Gw 1hour

 

 

Popular Science Documentaries:

Nanotechnology devices of the Future Miniature (Microscopic) hi tech smart technology (no captions) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BtMqB38cq5k 1 hour 7 min, 2016

 

Nano at NASA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9a2WBmvoXlI 29:30 min

 

 

Lectures by well-known scientists

 

Strange Materials with Mark Miodownik, https://youtu.be/GEWFJiMK6CE, 1 hour

 

Nanoscience can change our future for the better | Heiner Linke https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NtW25luCuJ8 17 min

 

Frances Arnold: New enzymes by evolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05r-FLGtsEQ, 38 min

 

Daniel Nocera: Energy for 1 X 6 Billion https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVWgghOJQWQ 1 hour 11 min (or alternatively https://media.pdx.edu/my-media, My Channels / View channels I am a member off), the exploratory-nano-engineer-in-chief (anti-scientist)

 

Harnessing Energy from the Sun for Six Billion People https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLo9blxbb7k 1 hour 20 min

 

Future Nobel Prize in Chemistry: A Complete Artificial Photosynthesis: Fuels from Sunlight, Air and Water https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJmAGaZZXPY 50 min 30 sec

 

Dr Dan Nocera - Frontiers of Science https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b8awjL2SBSo 1 hour 25 min

 

Fuels from Sunlight Using Nano-Materials https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=arralDshQrY 1 hour 2 min

Einstein, Nanoscience, & Superconductivity by Marvin Cohen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4WC7OMA0l6k 35 min

 

Neil Champness Nanoscale Machines: Building the Future with Molecules https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJW3KfjM2aw&t=56s 59 min, 2016 (some facts are misstated; The Feynman lectures are mistaken for Feynman’s 1959 after dinner talk)

 

The Artificial Intelligence Breakthroughs of The Last Five Years - Rob Fergus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAz-MWby9Vk 36 min

 

Materials Science at the Intersections of Nanotechnology, Life Sciences and Medicine. https://youtu.be/xKZR2Gvf6TU, 50 minutes, Subra Suresh - Dean of Engineering , Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.

 

Ashutosh Sharma, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SLg1lbbOvZA

 

Dr. Wade Adams: Nanotechnology and the Future of Energy, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=chJRdn1DOx0, 31 minutes, Associate Dean of the School of Engineering at Rice University

 

Investigating the dynamics of molecular machines using automated electron microscopy, Bridget Carragher, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zWUBRT0V_xo 47 min

 

Some Advances in Nanotechnology at Berkeley, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPYzCJJhniU, 53 minutes, Alex Zettl [Professor of Physics, UC Berkeley]

 

Nanoscience at Work: Creating Energy from Sunlight https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jhl07psn9QA 1 hour Paul Alivisatos,

 

Paul Alivisatos: Nanoscience - Potential and Threats https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWBVSw_d-0g 56 min

 

Richard Jones

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNr7mTjbH0E, 1 hour 15 min

 

Nanotechnology, Creation and God. | Prof Russell Cowburn, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UepCFseK_os 21 min

 

Panel discussion from Berkeley https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irqcKJtmA_I, 1 hour 52 min

 

Investigating the dynamics of molecular machines using automated electron microscopy, Bridget Carragher, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zWUBRT0V_xo 47 min

 

The surprising strengths of materials in the nanoworld | Julia Greer | TEDxCER https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjHYHY_IkUk 13 min

 

What is graphene: Aravind Vijayaraghavan at TEDxManchester https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIL5iPGN7QQ 18 min

 

 

 

Around Moor’s law

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YfDDGEtyTmg

Prof. Stephen Forrest | The End of Moore's Law (whole lecture 33 minutes)

 

The End of Moore's Law & The Rise of AI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ugsWUv-DVs 19 min

 

Wally Rhines CEO Mentor Graphics discusses the end of Moore's Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gIzFxRS8I8Q 23:30 min

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKc2DodTLm4 23 minutes total (end of Moore’s law from minute 18 onwards), Mircea Stan, University of Virginia - Back to the Future: Digital Circuit Design in the FinFET Era, 2017

 

Moore's Law and the Power of Computing of 110 Years | Investor Steve Jurvetson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KU5CgVvXGc 4 min, using Kurzweil’s extended graphs to impress people

 

Some propaganda: Peter Diamandis on Moore's Law @ TED2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9wFXHYJgdo 3:11 min

 

 

ENGRI 1110: Nanotechnology Moore’s law,  Aug 10, 2009 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veR_-m6Yg00 52 minutes

 

 

 

Quantum mechanics

 

Quantum Wave Function Visualization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKr91v7yLcM 11:30 min subtitles are included in all movies of this series

 

Quantum Operators https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZie2QC5Jbc 22 min

 

Quantum Tunneling https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RF7dDt3tVmI 6:20 min

 

Schroedinger's Equation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jvvkomcmyuo 9 min

 

 

 

Social and religious aspects

 

Yuval Harari: "Techno-Religions and Silicon Prophets", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6BK5Q_Dblo, 1 hour 23 min,

 

Michael Behe - Lee Strobel - Molecular Machines Disprove Evolution (Irreducible complexity)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y7WwO1iETuw, 9 minutes

 

Showbotics (from show off and robotics)

 

Sophia from Hanson Robotics talks with Shawn 2018.03.21 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGD1hceK6DA 10:30 min

Humanoid Robot Sophia - Almost Human Or PR Stunt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fnCQC7bLs0 10:30 min

 

Watch Sophia the robot walk for the first time https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCFQkB-KLsE 1:40 min

 

Two AI robots Sophia & Han debate the future of humanity - Rise 2017 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCP2iiP7YTg 19 min

 

Exploring Sophia’s multiple intelligences https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F28PzoeDn4 26:40 min

Singularity or Bust [Nov 3, 2013, Full Documentary] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=owppju3jwPE 47 min

 

The Dangers of Artificial Intelligence - Robot Sophia makes fun of Elon Musk - A.I. 2018 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzdY3gwE0WQ 12 min

 

Consciousness Central 2018 - Program 5 with Sophia the Robot, David Hanson, Julia Mossbridge https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wozYnQO3Qto 53 min

 

#CIIE Xinhua AI anchor presents CIIE news reports

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eB29ZVDOFfU&feature=youtu.be 1:30 min

 

Top of Form

Bottom of Form

Bruce Duncan - Talks with the World’s Most Sentient Robot, Bina48 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mwOFWABbfW8 21.30 min

 

Bina 48 Meets Bina Rothblatt - Part One https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYshJRYCArE 4:30 min

 

Bina48 + Bruce Duncan - Diversity in AI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=089UCS6BrGQ 24 min

 

Flagella - The incredible molecular machine made me stunned! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9IkY12o9clA 2 min, no comments

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a_5FToP_mMY 10 minutes from nova “intelligent design trial Tammy Kitzmiller, et al. v. Dover Area School District, et al. (400 F. Supp. 2d 707, Docket no. 4cv2688), Discovery Institute http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discovery_Institute for more along these lines, full Nova movie: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HZzGXnYL5I, 2 hours

 

Brain hacking https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awAMTQZmvPE, 14 min or alternatively https://media.pdx.edu/my-media, My Channels / View channels I am a member off)

 

Obsolete By 2030 - Humans Need Not Apply! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHc63Xgc0-8 50:20 min

 

Relativity Fraud ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PolFadm-lgU 24 minutes, from somebody who insist that the Christian bible is superior to science as a way of gaining knowledge about the world

 

Shoshana Zuboff / Keynote: Reality is the Next Big Thing - Elevate Festival 2014https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0QwPHinDdOc 27 min, new capitalistic reality (no subtitles)

 

Message from Prof. Shoshana Zuboff to the participants of reclaim autonomy! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4E08ok-eDQ 11 minutes

 

 

A Discussion of Artificial Intelligence with John Searle and Luciano Floridi, https://youtu.be/b6o_7HeowY8, start at minute 7, then 1 hour 16 minutes, then about 30 minutes discussion less interesting (New York Book review of Kurzweil’s how to create a mind)

 

Philosophy around artificial intelligence, John Searle with Ray Kurzweil in the audience; "Consciousness in Artificial Intelligence" | Talks at Google, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rHKwIYsPXLg, 1 hour 10 min, Kurzweil discussion 38:40 to 46 min

 

The Real Reason to be Afraid of Artificial Intelligence | Peter Haas https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRzBk_KuIaM, 12:30 min

 

 

our world in 2030 according to Michio Kaku, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rQMXxXotKBA, 1 hour 18 minutes

 

 

definitions-illustrations nanotech, download, get the slides and have an opinion on the subject before you come to class, so that we may have a discussion, there should also be a discussion on a few slides on public perception of controversial scientific-technical issues in general .

 

 

What is materials science and engineering? Where is it coming from? What distinguished materials science a science and engineering form other disciplines? download lecture manuscript here free itunes video from a seminar at the Department of Materials at Oxford University, https://itunes.apple.com/gb/itunes-u/department-of-materials/id425665707 also on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEWFJiMK6CE last lecture of the course, differences between animate matter and inanimate matter, there is much to learn, … and nano-materials science and engineering is a good career choice for anybody interested in applied interdisciplinary science)

    

(and by the same scientist/lecturer/BBC broad caster: http://www.richannel.org/christmas-lectures/2010/2010-mark-miodownik)

 

The nano-core concept of topology, which goes together with size, shape and dimensionality into the center of the Materials Science and Engineering tetrahedron.

 

some classical physics scaling with length, some very basics facts about quantum mechanics, application of some simple quantum mechanics to simple potentials, the hydrogen atom, hydrogenic atoms, other atoms, also to molecules and solids which uses bits and pieces of a general review of atomic bonding and their relation to physical properties, free iTunes movies on quantum mechanics from Oxford University, https://itunes.apple.com/gb/itunes-u/quantum-mechanics/id381702006

 

Introduction to geometrical-structural Crystallography, ideal structure, download lecture manuscript here, real structure, download lecture manuscript here, generalized crystallography

(by the way: nano-structured metals deform differently since the concept of a dislocation is no longer useful, have a look at this paper from the Materials Research Bulletin)

 

--------------------------------------

Three papers in support of the understanding of the Quantum Mysteries: Mermin 1981 (before experimental verification), Mermin 1985 (after the first successful verifications of the Bell theorem/violations of the Bell inequalities that demonstrate that either locality or reality or both have to be abandoned if we want to keep counterfactual definitiveness / the way we do science by induction), and Mermin in 2012, (QBism) a philosophical viewpoint concerning observer created reality). I hope to convey that quantum mechanics doesn't follow our common logic (i.e. set theory), and as a result offers a great opportunity for nano-materials engineering.

 

“If, in some cataclysm, all of scientific knowledge were to be destroyed, and only one sentence passed on to the next generation of creatures, what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words?

 

I believe it is the atomic hypothesis (or the atomic fact, or whatever you wish to call it) that all things are made of atoms — little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling on being squeezed into one another. In that one sentence, you will see, there is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied.”                                Richard P. Feynman, 1963

 

 

 

some more resources

free lecture series materials science: http://freevideolectures.com/Course/2266/Material-Science#

 

Nobel Prize physics 2016, topology explained https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zO8esJuQIMs, 6 minutes

Irreducible complexity / intelligent design debunked http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_zD3NxSsD8 8 minutes

Synthetic biology is in my humble opinion top of the range radical nanoscience, a link to a leader in that filed: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Craig_Venter

The strange new world of Nanoscience, narrated by Stephen Fry, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=70ba1DByUmM, 20 minutes, general introduction to nano-science and –technology including Drexler’s and Kurzweil’s visions

Really good lecture series: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icHRs3qMj9g&list=PL2J82zGX1smbfPMIhN7F7983W91GbJgnt

10 minutes higher level materials science: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xhkEa4bMXlo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KNgRBqj9FS8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MacJ4p0vITM, Your phone is trying to control your life, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awAMTQZmvPE, Brain Hacking, 14 min

Educational web sites and resources from the International Union of Crystallography: http://www.iucr.org/education/resources

http://chemistry.beloit.edu/Edetc/index.html

Courtesy of Prof. Dr. rer. Nat. habil. Michael Hietschold, Technical University Chemnitz, Germany, here are his slides from the special guest lectures

courtesy of em. Prof. Pavel Smejtek, here are the lecture notes on superconductivity

some interesting movies on crystallography can be found at http://www.geo.arizona.edu/xtal/movies/crystal_movies.html
 
some more basic crystallography can be found at http://xrayweb.msg.ku.edu/notes/symmetry.html
 

a whole book on crystallography in open access: M. O'Keeffe and B. G. Hyde, Crystal Structures I: Patterns and Symmetry, freely accessible as *.pdf files at http://www.public.asu.edu/~rosebudx/okeeffe.htm

a whole course on X-ray crystallography http://macxray.chem.upenn.edu/course/

courtesy of Prof. K. H. D. H. Bhadeshia of Cambridge University in the U.K., Worked examples in the Geometry of Crystals, the 2nd edition, published in 2001 (updated 2006), is now available for free download from this site. The book deals with the mathematical crystallography of materials. It is intended for use by students and by anyone interested in phase transformations or interfaces. ISBN 0-904357-94-5, published by the Institute of Materials, 1 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DB. Reviewed in Acta Crystallographica A57 (2001) 478. You can download the whole book: PDF file (6 Mb)

some crystal structure movies: http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/2003/MP1.crystals/MP1.crystals.html

United Kingdom Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering joint report on Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties, 29 July 2004, http://www.nanotec.org.uk/finalReport.htm

 

Modern electron microscopes as crystallographic instruments, a seminar I gave at Central Michigan University, download presentation, here

----------------

Second movie of the course with Spanish subtitles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ed4_Sa8h9Cc&t=225s some 45 minutes with Spanish subtitles

 

---------------- possibly no longer available, but in higher quality than the second movie of the course

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xBfOS2cmJ0 15 minutes, 360 dpi, one of three

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuxnbUVHP_k 15 minutes, 360 dpi, two of three

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oT8PXwkfjM 15 minutes, 360 dpi, three of three

 

-----------

Some stuff (essentially BS in my humble opinion – but some people do think that way), not to be taken too seriously

Ralph Merkle: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdKyf8fsH6w

Ray Kurzweil: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bis0euOhy58, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uIzS1uCOcE

Singularity, robots/human mix: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JR57633ztYc

Recommending pills to make it up to the singularity so that you can life forever in the new nanotech world http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcbbr8ZhoFs

Do you want to life forever? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JtHgIJ6kalk

Michio Kaku: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=219YybX66MY

 

The ultimate BS science fiction: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqyZ9bFl_qg

 

By the way, here is Arthur von Hippel’s 1956 vision for the then emerging field of materials science and engineering: ”… instead of taking prefabricated materials and trying to devise engineering applications consistent with their macroscopic properties, one builds materials from their atoms and molecules for the purpose at hand.”

 

That are good definitions for nano-science and nano-engineering and a German-American Materials Scientist was their originator more than half a century ago. (The only important bit missing in this quote is that due to nano-structuring there are novel properties, the grand master was sure very aware of that!!)

 

A. R. von Hippel, “Molecular Engineering”, Science, vol. 123 (issue 3191), pp. 315-317, 1956; MIT Techn. Rep. 101, October 1955; Molecular Science and Molecular Engineering, Technology Press of MIT Press and Wiley & Sons, New York, 1959.

 

Very worthwhile reading: http://phase1.nccr-trade.org/images/stories/publications/IP9/ed.Nanotechnology%20Introduction%20v9%20march2009.pdf If you want to know more about nano-materials science and engineering, watch a video from the BBC at http://www.vega.org.uk/video/programme/3


Finally, my teaching philosophy for this course:

“If you want to build a ship, don't drum up people together to collect wood and don't assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea.”  Antoine de Saint-Exupéry