Introduction to

Nano-science and Nano-technology

SCI 382U and PH 382U


Last updated: November 11, 2018


SRTC, room 101, Mo/We 12:00 to 13:50 pm


Lecturer: Peter Moeck, Dr. rer. nat. (Crystallography), PhD

Professor of Physics

Office Hours: Tuesday and Thursday 12:00-12:30 pm and by appointment

Office Location: SRTC, room 404, pmoeck at

Tel. 503 725 4227, but I do prefer to communicate with my students per e-mail or in person (right after class is fine)


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When augmented by biophysics and structural/molecular ­­biology, classical materials science and engineering (MSE) becomes an exciting avenue for approaching the fields of nano-science and nano-technology. You must learn a bit about the classical MSE field, and some of the elementary physical (mostly quantum mechanical) principles in order to appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of nanoscience. A recent paper (J. Mater. Educ. 36 (2014) 77-96) describes the course goals and my reasoning behind teaching it. 


As for the usage of “information technology in class” and multi-tasking, research shows that it does more harm than good. It is also like passive smoking; even the students who want to concentrate on the lecture get distracted by it. So find some way of dealing with that please amongst yourself. 


This course is pretty rigorous as far as general science education classes go. Rigorous instruction “… requires students to construct meaning for themselves, impose structure on information, integrate individual skills into processes, operate within but at the outer edge of their abilities, and apply what they learn in more than one context and to unpredictable situations.”


We consider the field of nano-science and nano-technology as a technoscience, i.e. include ”… the technological and social context of scienceTechnoscience recognises that scientific knowledge is not only socially coded and historically situated but sustained and made durable by material (non-human) networks.” Technoscience - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Techno-science has been identified with what happens to the sciences once an engineering mentality gets hold of them” and “theorizes things as simple so as to render a world that is subject to technical control” [A. Nordmann, “Vanishing friction events and the inverted Platonism of technoscience,” In: Research Objects in their Technological Setting, B. Bensaude Vincent et al., London, Routledge, 2017, pp. 56–69]. By means of an embracing of the techno-science label, real nanotech achievements that made it onto the covers of high-status scientific journals can often be summarized as “we made a nanowidget” in the real world rather than just simulated it [R. A. L. Jones, ”What has nanotechnology taught us about contemporary technoscience?,” In: “Quantum Engagements: Social Reflections of Nanoscience and Emerging Technologies”, T. Zülsdorf et al., eds., IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 13–26, 2011].


What the course attempts to clarify is that nano-science as such is pretty cool, and MUCH more than the moving around of atoms and molecules on a metal surface in ultrahigh vacuum at exceedingly low temperatures with the help of a scanning tunneling microscope tip.


I do not require my students to purchase any book. First, there is so far no STANDARD 300 level text book on introductory nano-science and nano-technology. However there are many books on: 'classical materials science and engineering as the epitome of interdisciplinary', so if you want to know about the MSE approach, I recommend:


R. W. Cahn, The Coming of Materials Science, Pergamon, 2001, only about $ 60, but covers an enormous range, i.e. essentially the whole field plus its historic context up to the establishment of nano-science and –engineering, my personal recommendation !!


There is some kind of an “undergrad textbook” with material for a whole year: Introduction to Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, G. L. Hornyak, H. F. Tibbals, J. Dutta, and J. J. Moore, CRC Press, Boca Raton 2009, it is actually two books in one as there is also Introduction to Nanoscience and Foundations of Nanotechnology available separately from the same publisher by the same authors. What I personally do not like about this book is its somewhat excessively long prose; physicists often like to make their arguments with formulae (i.e. some special kind of unambiguous poetry) and derive where something interesting is coming from by combining a bunch of other formulae. Also whenever there are several authors and the editor did a less then perfect job (or when there were several editors that were not all experts in the field), there is often overlap between chapters. There are some mistakes and misconceptions, and way too much uncritical emphasis around the unsubstantiated conjectures of Drexler (3D printing at the atomic level, assemblers, molecular manufacturing), and Kurzweil (singularity scenario, longevity escape velocity), for my liking. So this book is NOT really recommended by me at the 300 level. Nevertheless, I will use some of their figures.


Another recent textbook, Science at the Nanoscale, An Introductory Textbook, by C. W. Shong, S. C. Haur, and A. T. S. Wee, (Pan Stanford Publ. 2010) does not have these problems. It is similar to C. Binns, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Wiley, 2010, which is a really good read at bedtime. Concentrating more on the physical aspects of nanotech and being consistently at a higher level that the two better undergraduate nanoscience textbooks above (so more suited for a beginning graduate student in physics), a pretty good textbook is E. L. Wolf, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology, An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, 2nd enlarged Edition, Wiley-VCH, 2006.


A very nice introduction to the physics, chemistry, and biology, and engineering at the nanometer scale for graduate students is S. M. Lindsay, Introduction to Nanoscience, Oxford University Press 2010. It is unique in so far as the three sciences and engineering are considered on an equal footing. Here is a link to a popular science book on nanotech and here another one to a more serious book.


A mixture of what is in the books above, classical materials science and –engineering and some very basic introductory quantum mechanics is what we are going to cover.


The approach taken in this course follows a successful course on nanomaterials at Northwestern University that has been running for more than fifteen years. That course is designed from the MSE perspective, which means that the field can be depicted symbolically by the MSE tetrahedron where all vertices are of equal importance and represent (1) atomic structure and chemical composition, (2) physical and chemical property, (3) synthesis and processing, and (4) performance under environmental constraints as well as property per cost ratio. The nano-MSE tetrahedron is an augmentation: there are four more “degrees of design freedom” to be incorporated to define it as a discipline, (5) the nanometer size of the entity, the shape (6) and topology (7) of the entity (be it an inorganic crystal or a macromolecular assembly), and somewhat more loosely defined the (8) dimensionality of the entity. So it is time to come up with some new paradigm for the nano aspects of MSE.


To highlight a certain aspect of MSE, it is customary to depict the MSE tetrahedron with one of the four equal vertices up (making them in effect not-quite equal to highlight the effect that one aspect has on the other aspects), e.g. S. M. Allen and E. L. Thomas, The Structure of Materials, Wiley, 1999.


This course will also be a little bit biased towards atomistic structure, because I believe with Samuel M. Allen and Edwin L. Thomas that there is a common set of principles governing the structure and properties of many different types of materials .. an understanding of these principles forms the foundation of a modern education in the field of materials science and engineering .. Facility with crystallography is a primary skill for communication in materials science and engineering.


Along similar lines, Bernhardt Wuensch defines materials science as being primarily about the relation between the structure of matter and its properties and materials engineering as being primarily about the modification of properties and performance during processing, and after with the manufacturing process.


One may, thus, define the materials science and engineering super-discipline loosely as being about communications between (materials) scientist and (materials) engineers. Surely a common scientific language is needed for this communication to happen. As far as the crystalline state is concerned, this language is classical crystallography and its words are the crystallographic core concepts. Generalized crystallography deals with the structure of condensed matter in general. It is “the science of structures at a particular level of organization, being concerned with structures bigger than those represented by simple atoms but smaller than those of, for example, the bacteriophage.” This definition predates the well established definition of nano-science and nano-technology by some 25 years. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria and possess diameters on the order of 30 nm. Generalized crystallography is, therefore, the structural basis of nano-science and nano-technology.  



What this course tries to achieve:


- To give an overview of the whole field of nano-science and nano-technology to all interested PSU students and anybody interested from the Greater Portland Area

- Illustrate some simple physical laws of structure-property-size-shape relationships of crystalline engineering materials at the nanometer scale

- Help you study applications that involve nano-structured materials

- Allow you to develop your capabilities to critically evaluate nanotechnology related news claims / distinguishing real progress from hype

- Help you build a healthy foundational outlook for life-long learning.



For all of that, you have to learn some materials science and –engineering first and also cover a few basics of crystallography, but you will get this from a genuine crystallographer (i.e. me), so the emphasis is on the correct usage of the core concepts!


Breakdown of final grade:

20 % attendance, it is OK to miss up to two classes if really good justifications can be provided

35 % written exam (full 2 hours session for that day), Monday November 19 at the regular class time, to be returned in class the following Wednesday and to be collected after you had a good look at it, discussed grading issues, …


Final essay (45%): due on Wednesday, December 5, 10:15 to 10:25 am, to be handed in at the regular class room, it’s OK to send it in per email attachment to that deadline or earlier (but not much later), if you want to have a look at it, come to my office later on during office hours, you may also keep it if you like


For this final essay, read this article,, think about it for some time, write up to three or four pages on what you think who won the argument and most importantly why. For a well balanced argument, you should also consider reading and thinking about some of the background, e.g.,, and for IEEE 2018 invited talk.pdf.


You may also like to explore an apparently worldwide conspiracy by guess who, (of course some rouge US government officials backing mad scientists and the rest of the world not noticing): (if the link does not work, click here), read the great theoretical physicist R. P. Feynman himself and perhaps to counterbalance what that really wise man has said - even some BS and (if the latter link doesn’t work, click here). Especially if you aspire to become a physicist or physics teacher, I would very much like you to read what is at the latter link and make an assessment to the very best of your knowledge of modern physics).


Also you may like to find out for yourself who is a real scientist and who might just be and eloquent charlatan,,,

and As Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra said: “One sees a lot when one looks carefully.”


You may like to include into your essay why exact definitions matter. Some three to four pages should suffice; more concise is always better in life than using too many words and repeating oneself needlessly. It would also be nice to have some graphs, illustrations, a list of references, … is short anything that makes for a good essay.


The course was originally designed as a part of a sequence of three lecture courses (and one laboratory course) dealing with the incremental, evolutionary, and radial varieties of nanotechnology. The team behind this development would like to take 5 minutes of your time to make our case



Lecture Plan and Downloads


Note that this plan may change as we progress.

"Go make yourself a plan - and be a shining light. Then make yourself a second plan - for neither will come right." - Berthold Brecht


Life is what happens to you while you're busy making other plans.” John Lennon John Oliver, spot on our topic although nanoscience is not singled out, about 10 minutes, after that a discussion of these power point slides is not broken.ppt,, 8 minutes on null hypothesis testing, see also for an emerging religion that claims to be based on wild extrapolations of contemporary science.

Five Sigma - Sixty Symbols 14 min laws.ppt BBC, The Jan Hendrik Schoen story with English subtitles, about 45 minutes, transcript at the BBC website:


The high priest of transhumanism: in discussion with Dr. Niel deGrasse Tyson, 21 minutes,

his so called “methodology” explained:, less than three minutes, (45 minutes just talk, no moving pictures, but good subtitles)


and something to be analyzed in class from the Oxford Martin School,, 15 minutes, 720 dpi,  i.e. “the process of designing and analyzing detailed hypothetical models of systems that are not feasible with current technologies or methods, but do seem to be clearly within the bounds of what science considers to be possible within the narrowly defined scope of operation of the hypothetical system model” exploratory engineering read out from this source : Does this makes sense to you? It does not to me because I do prescribe to the scientific method.


Kim Erik Drexler,, (or alternatively, My Channels / View channels I am a member off), the exploratory-nano-engineer-in-chief (anti-scientist) being introduced by the general AI scare-monger-in-chief and former stand-up comedian,, about 55 minutes, 480 dpi

Exponential Technology Literacy: Neil Jacobstein Singularity University 19 min, Jan 7, 2013


Nanofactory Animation:, 5 min,


there are several things not quite right in these movies and in what has been said, by the end of the course you should be clear on all of these “ambiguities” or “screw ups” and have a much better understanding of progress in the applied sciences and engineering in general


the real molecular machines 6 min, will it be possibly to build these machines (or better versions of them) by Drexler’s atomically precise manufacturing principles???


boy and his CO molecule:, 1:30 min


how the movie “boy and his atom” was made:, 5 minutes



Future Technologies and their Possible Impacts: Utility Fog 6:30 min



Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 “for the design and synthesis of molecular machines”

(no subtitles:, 1:40 to 2 min, then 3:40 to 17:00, interview over the phone up to 28, interview with Professor Sara Snogerup Linse, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry from 31:30 to 39:40 (alternatively, 7:30 minutes,


Nobel lecture: Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 2016 35:30 min


Francis Villatoro (2011, Nov. 9). A four-wheeled molecule moving on a metal surface driven by the absorption of light 5 seconds



Proteins:, 7 minutes, From DNA to Protein, 4.30 min


From DNA to protein - 3D,, 3 min, how the ribosome is formed (Life Science - Protein synthesis (Translation) 6 minutes

make up your own mind when you compare what you have seen in the so called nanofactory with the actual Molecular basis of life:, 20 min,

The Inner Life of the Cell - Protein Packing,, 4 minutes, how DNA is taken to expose single strands, 5 minutes, ATP synthase: Structure and Function, 4 minutes, ATP Synthase in Action, 5 min, 



Nobel Prize in chemistry 2018,, from 3:15 to 13:30, questions 16:12 to 22:40, more by the lady expert who made the introduction: (8 minutes), phone calls from Stockholm,, 6 minutes, (3 minutes)

Special treat Frances Arnold: New enzymes by evolution, one year before she won the Nobel Prize: 39 minutes, 2016 Millennium Technology Prize to Frances Arnold - Directed evolution, 5:15 min

How Enzymes Work 5min


note that there is no Nobel Prize for Biology, the prizes were for bio-nano-science and – technology 


Nobel Prize in physics 2018,, optical tweezers between minutes 5:30 and 8:30, Kinesine, 2 minutes

(a moving kinesin molecule: 3:30 minutes, please ignore the reference to intelligent design at the very end), after that the other half of the 2018 Physics Nobel prize also related to nanoscience, from 25:00 to the end, interview of a committee member

Laser Cooling - Sixty Symbols 9 min prizes chemistry physics 2018.ppt, some more explanations on the 2018 Nobel prizes in Chemistry and Physics


Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine 2018, 35 min total, start 1:33, forward 2:35 – 15:10, questions: up to 25:30, but not interesting, 28:26 interview with a committee member.

James Allison's Cancer Research Breakthrough 4:30 min prize medicine 2018.ppt, some more explanations on this 2018 Nobel prize



Nobel memorial Prize of the Sveriges Ricksbank in Economics (given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) 2018, 3:10 to 26 nobel memorial prize 2018.ppt, some more explanations on the 2018 Nobel memorial  prize in economics





a seminar at a Canadian Research University, Richard Jones, FRS, 1 hour 16 minutes, also for an interview in the singularity one on one series






The Central Dogma of Biology 3 min


Cell Signals (Full length) 14 min


Inner Life of the Cell (Full Version - Narrated) 8 min


Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9 4 min


Inner mitochondrial membrane:, 5 minutes


Cell division, 5 minutes


Drew Berry: Animations of unseeable biology,,


Astonishing molecular machines: Drew Berry at TEDxSydney 14:30 min


CRISPR: Gene editing and beyond:


IMMUNOTHERAPY: The Path to a Cancer Cure (For Clinicians 8:45 min connected to Nobel prize Medicine 2018



Ron Vale (UCSF, HHMI) 1: Molecular Motor Proteins:, 35 minutes


Mitochondria: the cell's powerhouse:, 5:20 min


Electron Transport Chain 8 minutes


Organelles of the Cell (updated) 30 min


Science - Amazing Process of Photosynthesis 5 min


Inorganic nano

Seeing atom within a nanoparticle in 3D by electron tomography: 2:30 min


MOSFET:, 8 minutes


Short introduction for this course:


A more detailed introduction for a higher level course:, 121 slides



Simple quantum mechanics


Position momentum uncertainty 15 min


Quantum Mechanics: Animation explaining quantum physics 26 min


Quantum Nanoscience — Gerard Milburn, ISS2013 1hour



Popular Science Documentaries:

Nanotechnology devices of the Future Miniature (Microscopic) hi tech smart technology (no captions) 1 hour 7 min, 2016


Nano at NASA 29:30 min



Lectures by well-known scientists


Strange Materials with Mark Miodownik,, 1 hour


Nanoscience can change our future for the better | Heiner Linke 17 min


Frances Arnold: New enzymes by evolution, 38 min


Daniel Nocera: Energy for 1 X 6 Billion 1 hour 11 min (or alternatively, My Channels / View channels I am a member off), the exploratory-nano-engineer-in-chief (anti-scientist)


Harnessing Energy from the Sun for Six Billion People 1 hour 20 min


Future Nobel Prize in Chemistry: A Complete Artificial Photosynthesis: Fuels from Sunlight, Air and Water 50 min 30 sec


Dr Dan Nocera - Frontiers of Science 1 hour 25 min


Fuels from Sunlight Using Nano-Materials 1 hour 2 min

Einstein, Nanoscience, & Superconductivity by Marvin Cohen 35 min


Neil Champness Nanoscale Machines: Building the Future with Molecules 59 min, 2016 (some facts are misstated; The Feynman lectures are mistaken for Feynman’s 1959 after dinner talk)


The Artificial Intelligence Breakthroughs of The Last Five Years - Rob Fergus 36 min


Materials Science at the Intersections of Nanotechnology, Life Sciences and Medicine., 50 minutes, Subra Suresh - Dean of Engineering , Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.


Ashutosh Sharma,


Dr. Wade Adams: Nanotechnology and the Future of Energy,, 31 minutes, Associate Dean of the School of Engineering at Rice University


Investigating the dynamics of molecular machines using automated electron microscopy, Bridget Carragher, 47 min


Some Advances in Nanotechnology at Berkeley,, 53 minutes, Alex Zettl [Professor of Physics, UC Berkeley]


Nanoscience at Work: Creating Energy from Sunlight 1 hour Paul Alivisatos,


Paul Alivisatos: Nanoscience - Potential and Threats 56 min


Richard Jones, 1 hour 15 min


Nanotechnology, Creation and God. | Prof Russell Cowburn, 21 min


Panel discussion from Berkeley, 1 hour 52 min


Investigating the dynamics of molecular machines using automated electron microscopy, Bridget Carragher, 47 min


The surprising strengths of materials in the nanoworld | Julia Greer | TEDxCER 13 min


What is graphene: Aravind Vijayaraghavan at TEDxManchester 18 min




Around Moor’s law

Prof. Stephen Forrest | The End of Moore's Law (whole lecture 33 minutes)


The End of Moore's Law & The Rise of AI 19 min


Wally Rhines CEO Mentor Graphics discusses the end of Moore's Law 23:30 min 23 minutes total (end of Moore’s law from minute 18 onwards), Mircea Stan, University of Virginia - Back to the Future: Digital Circuit Design in the FinFET Era, 2017


Moore's Law and the Power of Computing of 110 Years | Investor Steve Jurvetson 4 min, using Kurzweil’s extended graphs to impress people


Some propaganda: Peter Diamandis on Moore's Law @ TED2012 3:11 min



ENGRI 1110: Nanotechnology Moore’s law,  Aug 10, 2009 52 minutes




Quantum mechanics


Quantum Wave Function Visualization 11:30 min subtitles are included in all movies of this series


Quantum Operators 22 min


Quantum Tunneling 6:20 min


Schroedinger's Equation 9 min




Social and religious aspects


Yuval Harari: "Techno-Religions and Silicon Prophets",, 1 hour 23 min,


Michael Behe - Lee Strobel - Molecular Machines Disprove Evolution (Irreducible complexity), 9 minutes


Showbotics (from show off and robotics)


Sophia from Hanson Robotics talks with Shawn 2018.03.21 10:30 min

Humanoid Robot Sophia - Almost Human Or PR Stunt 10:30 min


Watch Sophia the robot walk for the first time 1:40 min


Two AI robots Sophia & Han debate the future of humanity - Rise 2017 19 min


Exploring Sophia’s multiple intelligences 26:40 min

Singularity or Bust [Nov 3, 2013, Full Documentary] 47 min


The Dangers of Artificial Intelligence - Robot Sophia makes fun of Elon Musk - A.I. 2018 12 min


Consciousness Central 2018 - Program 5 with Sophia the Robot, David Hanson, Julia Mossbridge 53 min


#CIIE Xinhua AI anchor presents CIIE news reports 1:30 min


Top of Form

Bottom of Form

Bruce Duncan - Talks with the World’s Most Sentient Robot, Bina48 21.30 min


Bina 48 Meets Bina Rothblatt - Part One 4:30 min


Bina48 + Bruce Duncan - Diversity in AI 24 min


Flagella - The incredible molecular machine made me stunned! 2 min, no comments 10 minutes from nova “intelligent design trial Tammy Kitzmiller, et al. v. Dover Area School District, et al. (400 F. Supp. 2d 707, Docket no. 4cv2688), Discovery Institute for more along these lines, full Nova movie:, 2 hours


Brain hacking, 14 min or alternatively, My Channels / View channels I am a member off)


Obsolete By 2030 - Humans Need Not Apply! 50:20 min


Relativity Fraud ? 24 minutes, from somebody who insist that the Christian bible is superior to science as a way of gaining knowledge about the world


Shoshana Zuboff / Keynote: Reality is the Next Big Thing - Elevate Festival 2014 27 min, new capitalistic reality (no subtitles)


Message from Prof. Shoshana Zuboff to the participants of reclaim autonomy! 11 minutes



A Discussion of Artificial Intelligence with John Searle and Luciano Floridi,, start at minute 7, then 1 hour 16 minutes, then about 30 minutes discussion less interesting (New York Book review of Kurzweil’s how to create a mind)


Philosophy around artificial intelligence, John Searle with Ray Kurzweil in the audience; "Consciousness in Artificial Intelligence" | Talks at Google,, 1 hour 10 min, Kurzweil discussion 38:40 to 46 min


The Real Reason to be Afraid of Artificial Intelligence | Peter Haas, 12:30 min



our world in 2030 according to Michio Kaku,, 1 hour 18 minutes



definitions-illustrations nanotech, download, get the slides and have an opinion on the subject before you come to class, so that we may have a discussion, there should also be a discussion on a few slides on public perception of controversial scientific-technical issues in general .



What is materials science and engineering? Where is it coming from? What distinguished materials science a science and engineering form other disciplines? download lecture manuscript here free itunes video from a seminar at the Department of Materials at Oxford University, also on Youtube: last lecture of the course, differences between animate matter and inanimate matter, there is much to learn, … and nano-materials science and engineering is a good career choice for anybody interested in applied interdisciplinary science)


(and by the same scientist/lecturer/BBC broad caster:


The nano-core concept of topology, which goes together with size, shape and dimensionality into the center of the Materials Science and Engineering tetrahedron.


some classical physics scaling with length, some very basics facts about quantum mechanics, application of some simple quantum mechanics to simple potentials, the hydrogen atom, hydrogenic atoms, other atoms, also to molecules and solids which uses bits and pieces of a general review of atomic bonding and their relation to physical properties, free iTunes movies on quantum mechanics from Oxford University,


Introduction to geometrical-structural Crystallography, ideal structure, download lecture manuscript here, real structure, download lecture manuscript here, generalized crystallography

(by the way: nano-structured metals deform differently since the concept of a dislocation is no longer useful, have a look at this paper from the Materials Research Bulletin)



Three papers in support of the understanding of the Quantum Mysteries: Mermin 1981 (before experimental verification), Mermin 1985 (after the first successful verifications of the Bell theorem/violations of the Bell inequalities that demonstrate that either locality or reality or both have to be abandoned if we want to keep counterfactual definitiveness / the way we do science by induction), and Mermin in 2012, (QBism) a philosophical viewpoint concerning observer created reality). I hope to convey that quantum mechanics doesn't follow our common logic (i.e. set theory), and as a result offers a great opportunity for nano-materials engineering.


“If, in some cataclysm, all of scientific knowledge were to be destroyed, and only one sentence passed on to the next generation of creatures, what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words?


I believe it is the atomic hypothesis (or the atomic fact, or whatever you wish to call it) that all things are made of atoms — little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling on being squeezed into one another. In that one sentence, you will see, there is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied.”                                Richard P. Feynman, 1963




some more resources

free lecture series materials science:


Nobel Prize physics 2016, topology explained, 6 minutes

Irreducible complexity / intelligent design debunked 8 minutes

Synthetic biology is in my humble opinion top of the range radical nanoscience, a link to a leader in that filed:

The strange new world of Nanoscience, narrated by Stephen Fry,, 20 minutes, general introduction to nano-science and –technology including Drexler’s and Kurzweil’s visions

Really good lecture series:

10 minutes higher level materials science:, Your phone is trying to control your life,, Brain Hacking, 14 min

Educational web sites and resources from the International Union of Crystallography:

Courtesy of Prof. Dr. rer. Nat. habil. Michael Hietschold, Technical University Chemnitz, Germany, here are his slides from the special guest lectures

courtesy of em. Prof. Pavel Smejtek, here are the lecture notes on superconductivity

some interesting movies on crystallography can be found at
some more basic crystallography can be found at

a whole book on crystallography in open access: M. O'Keeffe and B. G. Hyde, Crystal Structures I: Patterns and Symmetry, freely accessible as *.pdf files at

a whole course on X-ray crystallography

courtesy of Prof. K. H. D. H. Bhadeshia of Cambridge University in the U.K., Worked examples in the Geometry of Crystals, the 2nd edition, published in 2001 (updated 2006), is now available for free download from this site. The book deals with the mathematical crystallography of materials. It is intended for use by students and by anyone interested in phase transformations or interfaces. ISBN 0-904357-94-5, published by the Institute of Materials, 1 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DB. Reviewed in Acta Crystallographica A57 (2001) 478. You can download the whole book: PDF file (6 Mb)

some crystal structure movies:

United Kingdom Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering joint report on Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties, 29 July 2004,


Modern electron microscopes as crystallographic instruments, a seminar I gave at Central Michigan University, download presentation, here


Second movie of the course with Spanish subtitles some 45 minutes with Spanish subtitles


---------------- possibly no longer available, but in higher quality than the second movie of the course 15 minutes, 360 dpi, one of three 15 minutes, 360 dpi, two of three 15 minutes, 360 dpi, three of three



Some stuff (essentially BS in my humble opinion – but some people do think that way), not to be taken too seriously

Ralph Merkle:

Ray Kurzweil:,

Singularity, robots/human mix:

Recommending pills to make it up to the singularity so that you can life forever in the new nanotech world

Do you want to life forever?

Michio Kaku:


The ultimate BS science fiction:


By the way, here is Arthur von Hippel’s 1956 vision for the then emerging field of materials science and engineering: ”… instead of taking prefabricated materials and trying to devise engineering applications consistent with their macroscopic properties, one builds materials from their atoms and molecules for the purpose at hand.”


That are good definitions for nano-science and nano-engineering and a German-American Materials Scientist was their originator more than half a century ago. (The only important bit missing in this quote is that due to nano-structuring there are novel properties, the grand master was sure very aware of that!!)


A. R. von Hippel, “Molecular Engineering”, Science, vol. 123 (issue 3191), pp. 315-317, 1956; MIT Techn. Rep. 101, October 1955; Molecular Science and Molecular Engineering, Technology Press of MIT Press and Wiley & Sons, New York, 1959.


Very worthwhile reading: If you want to know more about nano-materials science and engineering, watch a video from the BBC at

Finally, my teaching philosophy for this course:

“If you want to build a ship, don't drum up people together to collect wood and don't assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea.”  Antoine de Saint-Exupéry