Solid State-Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Physics

Excited state of neutrons in medium Z nuclei; ZX (22Ti, 28Ni, 46Pd)

High density of excited levels at the near zero energy (the separation level)

Nuclear reactions in free space


Solid State Physics

Transition-metal hydrides and deuterides; TiD2, NiH, PdH(D)

Elastic properties of the crystals,

Diffusion characteristics of protons and deuterons

H-H, H-Pd interactions in crystals,

Atomic processes in crystals

Solid State-Nuclear Physics

p–X and d–X soft interaction in transition-metal hydrides and deuterides

n–n super-nuclear interaction mediated by occluded protons and deuterons

Neutron valence bands formed by the super-nuclear interaction

Local coherence of neutron Bloch waves at boundary regions

Thin neutron liquid and Neutron drop (= Neutron reservoir) formation in boundary regions

Cold fusion phenomenon (CFP) = Results of nuclear reactions in contact with the neutron reservoir (dilute neutron liquid and neutron drops)

Phenomenological Approach

Trapped neutron catalyzed fusion model (TNCF model) with an adjustable parameter nn and several premises based on experimental facts.


Experimental Facts of CFP


Matrix Substances


Direct Evidences

  of Nuclear Reactions

Indirect Evidences

Ti, Ni, Pd

KCl + LiCl






1n = n

1H = p

2H = d




85Rb, 87Rb

Gamma () (rare)

Neutron n()

Localized distribution

 of NT products AM(r)

Decay time shortening

Fission barrier decrease

Gammaless reactions

Excess heat Q

Neutron n

Tritium t

Helium 4He


X-ray X()

CFP is a probe for Solid State-Nuclear Physics      (Dec. 17, 2002)