Samuel Fuller, Sr.
  b: ~1608
  d: 31/Oct/1683 - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.

Father: Edward Fuller
Mother: Ann? *****

Spouse: Jane Lothrop
  m: 8/Apr/1635 - Scituate, New Plymouth Col.

Child-1: Hannah
          2: Samuel, Jr. - bp: 11/Feb/1637(1638) - Scituate, New Plymouth Col.
                                   d: ~Nov-Dec/1691 - Barnstable, Barnstable Co., MA
                                  m: Anna Fuller - 1657/1658
          3: Elizabeth - b: 1639/1640 - Scituate, New Plymouth Col.
                             m: John or Joseph Taylor
          4: Sarah - bp: 1/Aug/1641 - New Plymouth Col. - d: ~1652
          5: Mary - bp: 16/Jun/1644 - New Plymouth Col.
                          d: 11/Nov/1720 - Norwich, New London Co., CT
                         m:  Joseph Williams - 18/Nov/1674
          6: Thomas - b: 18/May/1650 or 1651 - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.
          7: Sarah - b: 14/Dec/1654 - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col. - d: 1714
                         m: John Crowe or Crowell - ~1673
          8: John - b: 11/Jan/1655(1656) - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.
                        d: 23/Mar/1725(1726) - East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT - bur - Old Cove B. Gnd.
                       m: Mehitable Rowley - 1678 - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.
          9: (unnamed child) - b: 8/Feb/1657(1658) - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.
                                         d: 23/Feb/1657(1658) - Barnstable Twp., New Plymouth Col.

Biographical Details:

Samuel Fuller was the son of Edward Fuller and his wife, whose given name was thought by Savage to have been Ann.  Accordingly, Samuel came to New England as a child with his parents and uncle on the historic first voyage of the “Mayflower” late in the year 1620.  Within this context, his birth date has been frequently given as April 8, 1612; however, no primary source is known which affirms this, but the date would seem to be chronologically plausible and, perhaps, at least approximately correct.1  (Concomitantly, there seems to be no basis in fact for the claim that Samuel was listed on the manifest of the “Mayflower” as being five years old, since no such document is known to exist.)  Alternatively, other researchers assert that he was born in 1608 or even as early as 1605.2  In addition, it has been commonly asserted that Samuel was born either at Redenhall in County Norfolk or at Egerton in Kent.  With regard to these locations, there is no evidence that the Fuller family ever lived at Egerton (this error being a consequence of confusion with the origin of his wife) and only Redenhall seems at all probable if one accepts the conventional pedigree, which identifies Robert Fuller, a butcher by trade, as Samuel’s grandfather.  Alternatively, it is known that members of the extended Fuller family were living with the Puritan Separatists in Leiden after 1609.  Therefore, it is possible that Samuel was born in Holland, but nothing further has been determined, hence, the place of his birth must be strictly regarded as unknown.

The story of the Pilgrims has long been regarded as one of the foundational “civil myths” of American history.  Of course, for a young child of the time, such as Samuel Fuller was, it was “real life” with all the associated pain and trouble, not the least of which would have been the deaths of both his parents during that first winter of 1620 and 1621.  Fortunately, his namesake uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, took responsibility for his care and is believed to have brought him up in his own household.3  Certainly, Dr. Fuller was a prominent member of the early Pilgrim community and one might suppose that Samuel’s father, Edward, would have been afforded similar respect if he had lived.  Therefore, at the division of lands in 1623 each member of a family was entitled to one acre, but “Samuell ffuller Juneor” received an allotment of three acres, which is thought to have been given to include shares for his deceased father and mother.4  Concomitantly, it is a plausible presumption that Samuel’s explicit inclusion in the division of colony property indicates that by 1623 he was at least sixteen years old and, thus, could work the land.  Obviously, this would imply that he was born about 1607 or, perhaps, even earlier; however, this is not proven and other alternatives are possible.  In any case, the location of Samuel’s allotment was described as “on the south side of the brook” and must be a reference to the town brook, which lies just to the south of Leyden Street in the modern muncipality of Plymouth, Massachusetts.  Within this context, it is believed that Leyden Street corresponds to the street that ran down the center of the original fortified town, which probably extended from the present intersection of Leyden and Water Streets about a quarter of a mile westward up the hill.5  Therefore, it seems likely that the location of Samuel’s three acres was in or near the present location of Brewster Park.  Likewise, in 1627 Samuel was listed as a member of a group associated with his uncle, which was chosen for the purpose of dividing ownership of livestock among the inhabitants of the colony.  Subsequently, he was mentioned as “Cozen” or “kinsman” in the will of “Samuel ffuller the elder”, i.e., Dr. Samuel Fuller, which was made in 1633.  In passing, it should be noted that in the seventeenth century cousin was an imprecise term often used for nieces and nephews, as well as other indirect or even in-law relations.  However, although Samuel was mentioned with obvious favor and affection in his uncle’s will, he seems to have inherited very little from the estate.  This is understandable since Dr. Fuller had surviving children of his own as direct heirs.  In 1634, Samuel became a freeman of the colony and was assessed tax of nine shillings.  Afterward, he settled in Scituate, which is twelve to fifteen miles north of Plymouth along the coast.  Here, on April 8, 1635, he and Jane Lothrop, the daughter of Rev. John Lothropp, were married by Captain Myles Standish at the home of Mr. Cudworth.  Samuel was admitted to church membership at Scituate on November 7, 1636.6  William Hyslop Fuller has reported in his book that Samuel Fuller built the fifteenth house in Scituate, which was located at the intersection of Greenfield and Kent Streets, a location which can still be found at the present day.  Moreover, as in any pioneer settlement, the houses were fortified, quite rough, and utilitarian, but, no doubt, admirably suited to the purpose of protection of their inhabitants from the elements as well as other dangers. Civil records indicate that Samuel served as constable in 1641 and, as such, was undoubtedly an active participant in the affairs of the town.  Likewise, in August of 1643 he was one of two men named Samuel Fuller, one from Scituate and one from Plymouth, included on the list of all male inhabitants who could “bear arms”.  Obviously, these two were first cousins, i.e., sons of Edward and Dr. Samuel Fuller, respectively.  Even so, in the summer of 1639 a company from Scituate led by Samuel’s father-in-law, Rev. Lothropp, moved southeast down the coast past Plymouth, further out on Cape Cod, and settled in the new town of Barnstable.  As might have been expected Samuel and Jane Lothrop Fuller also subsequently settled at Barnstable; however, it is not known precisely when this occurred.  Some researchers, in particular Otis, have suggested that they left Scituate in the early 1640’s, but the existence of a deed made between Samuel Fuller and Peter Collymore on March 25, 1650, suggests that Samuel and Jane remained with their children in Scituate until that year.7  Accordingly, it would seem that they were living in Barnstable when their son, Thomas, was born in 1651 and remained there the rest of their lives.  Furthermore, again, according to the work of W. H. Fuller, both Samuel and his brother, Matthew, settled in Barnstable at about the same time, Samuel living in the “northwest angle of the town”.  This is further supported by the admission of Samuel Fuller, Jr., and Nicholas Bonham, who can be identified, respectively, as the son and son-in-law of Samuel Fuller, Sr., and a second Samuel Fuller, who was almost certainly the son of Captain Matthew Fuller, as inhabitants of the town at a meeting held in October of 1662, reported by Deyo in his History of Barnstable County.

Samuel Fuller, Sr., made his will on October 29, 1683, and died two days later on the thirty-first.8,9  The will was proved at Plymouth on June 5, 1684.  His burial place is not known, but it was, perhaps, on Lothrop’s Hill, which can still be found about a half mile west of the town center of Barnstable on the south side of Massachusetts state highway route six-“A”, but there is no grave marker.  He was said to have “lived a simple life, retiring in disposition and habit, eminently pious, an honest man, good neighbor and Christian gentleman.  He amassed large wealth for that time.”  Indeed, it has been reported that the inventory of his estate amounted to more than a thousand pounds, but this is disputed by others.  In passing, Otis has further emphasized that Samuel was a of a quiet disposition and quite different from his brother, Matthew, who seems to have been a much more public individual, being prominent in the political and military affairs of the colony.

Source Notes and Citations:
1. William Hyslop Fuller, Genealogy of Some Descendants of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower, C. B. Fiske & Co., Palmer, MA, 1908: pgs. 24-8.
      “SAMUEL2 FULLER, (Edward1), b. about 1612 at some place in England not yet found, no record of his birth or baptism having been discovered; d. Oct. 31,- Nov. 10, 1683, at Barnstable, Mass.; m. at Mr. Cudworth’s house in Scituate by Capt. Miles Standish, magistrate, ‘on ye fourthe day of ye weeke’, April 8-18, 1635, Jane Lathrop, dau. of Rev. John Lathrop of Scituate and (after 1639) Barnstable, bapt. Sept. 29, 1614, at Edgerly, Co. of Kent, England; d. subsequent to 1658 and before 1683, but the exact date is not found.
      Samuel Fuller grew up under the care of his uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, at Plymouth.  He had three acres at the division of lands in 1623, receiving, it is thought, those of his father and mother, and one for himself.  If this theory is correct he was at least sixteen years of age at the time, and his birth occured as early as 1608 instead of 1612 as we have conjectured above.  It is not quite certain however that he was old enough to work this land alone.
      Governor Bradford’s words about this matter are as follows: ‘All this whille no supply was heard of, neither knew they when they might expecte any.  So they begane to think how they might raise as much corne as they could, and obtaine a better crope than they had done, that they might not still languish in miserie.  At length, after much debate of things, the Govr (with ye advise of ye cheefest among them) gave way that they should set corne every man for his owne particular, and in that regard trust to themselves; in all other things goe on in ye general way (as a joint-stock company) as before.  And so assigned to every family a parcell of land, according to the proportion of their number for that end, only for present use (but made no devission for inheritance), and ranged all boys and youth under some familie.  This had very good success.’  Bradford’s History of ‘Plimouth Plantation’, ed. Mass. p. 162.  The land assigned to him was on the South side of the town brook; ‘to the Woodward’ and included what is now Watson’s Hill.  His neighbors were John Howland, Stephen Hopkins, Edward Winslow ( ) Gilbert Winslow, and the Indian Hobomak.
      On June 1, 1627 at a town-meeting, the inhabitants were divided into twelve groups for the purpose of dividing the cattle then owned in the Colony.  ‘The eighth lot fell to Samuel Fuller (the Doctor) and his company, joined to him his wife Bridget Fuller, Samuel Fuller, Jr., Peter Browne, Martha Browne, Mary Browne, John Ford, Martha Ford, Anthony Annable, Jane Annable, Sarah Annable, Hannah Annable, Damans Hopkins.  To this lot fell a red heifer, came of the cow which belonged to the poor of the Colony, and is of that consideration, viz.: these persons nominated to have half the increase; the other half with the old stock, to remain for the use of the poor.’
      He is mentioned in his uncle’s will in 1633 as follows:  ‘It. my will is that my Cozen (nephew) goe freely away with his stock of Cattle and Swine wthout any further recconing wch swine are the halfe of six sowes, six hogges, one boare & four shotes.  Also one Cow & one heyfer.’  ‘It. my will is that in case my sonne Samyell and other my chidren die before such time as they are fitt to enter upon my land for inheritance that then my kinsman Sam. ffuller now in the howse with me enjoy wtsoever lands I am now possessed of except my dwelling howse at town or whatsoever shall be due to me or them.’  ‘It. I give to him my Rufflet Cloake & my stuffe sute I now weare.’  The date of this will is July 30, 1633 and within three months of that date the good doctor had been laid to rest.  As the doctor’s children survived, Samuel2 received none of the lands, and soon, apparently, started out with the cattle and swine to seek a home.  The whole transaction seems clearly to show that he had reached a man’s estate, being at least 21, and perhaps as much as 25 years of age at the time.  He became a freeman of the Colony in 1634, and settled in the near by town of Scituate, where on April 8-18, 1635, as before stated, he married Jane, daughter of Rev. John Lathrop, the pastor of the Scituate church.  Nov. 7, 1636 he joined the church of Scituate, having a letter of dismission from the church of Plymouth, of which he had been a member.  He built in 1636 the fifteenth house in Scituate, on Greenfield Street, the first lot abutting on Kent Street.  He had twenty acres of land on the east of Bellhouse Neck in that town, probably a grant from the town.  The kind of house these early settlers built is worthy of note.  Mr. Lathrop calls them ‘small plaine pallizadse Houses.’  The walls were made of poles filled between with stones and clay, the roof thatched, the chimney to the mantle of rough stone, and above of cob-work, the windows of oiled paper, and the floors hand sawed planks.  Mr. Lathrop who had been accustomed to life in Christ’s College, Cambridge, and to a generous life in England, truly says the dwellings in Scituate were ‘meane.’  Elsewhere he calls these structures booths, and says they were open and cold, and in winter a high piled fire had constantly to be kept burning.  All the houses in the village were alike--there was no opening for pride to claim supremacy.  In June and July 1639 the Rev. Mr. Lathrop and many of the members of his church removed and founded the town of Barnstable, probably at the time the most easterly settlement on Cape Cod.  If Samuel Fuller and his young family did not at once follow him thither, he did so in a few years.  Otis, following the church records of Barnstable, thinks he was there as early as 1641, basing his view on the fact that the Barnstable church record contains the baptism of his daughter Sarah on August 1, 1641, and of Mary on June 16, 1644.  Otis says further that it does not appear that he was an inhabitant of the town till after January first, 1644.  Now it is quite possible that the baptismal record is correct, and that Samuel Fuller did not settle in Barnstable until 1650.  There being no pastor at Scituate, it is quite likely that the two children were carried to Barnstable, or that the Rev. Mr. Lathrop visited Scituate, for their baptism.  The record was little more than the minister’s private diary, and all that it can certify to is the fact the children were baptized by him.  The place might be anywhere he might be, if not within the parish of another settled pastor.  The reasons for thinking that Samuel Fuller settled in Barnstable as late as 1650 are two.
      In the second volume of Plymouth Colony deeds, folio 1.  (See Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 1. April 1899, p. 91) is a deed which begins as follows: ‘To all Christian people to whom this prsent writing shall com  Samuel ffuller of Scituate in the government of New Plymouth in New England in america sendeth greeting:’  He then proceeds to convey to ‘Peter Collymore of Scittuate’ ‘One dwelling house and a barne and Cowhouse with sixteen acars of upland more or less bounded on the west with the land of Mr William Varssall, on the south with the the land of Resoved White, on the north with the hieway by the herring brook; and on the last with the mersh; as allsoe two pcells of mersh land contoining twelve acars,--with all and severall the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way apperteining.’  This deed was signed and sealed March 25, 1650, the first day of the year according to the calendar then in use, equivalent to April 4, 1650, N. S.  Samuel Fuller signed his name to this deed and there is appended the consent of his wife as follows: ‘The 16th (26th N. S.) of May 1650 Jane ffuller the wife of Samyel ffuller did come before mee Timothy hatherly assistant to the Governor of New Plym: in New England and did freely acknowlidg her willingness of the within Mencioned sale and did freely Resigne up her Right to Peeter Collymore.  Timothy Hatherly.
      This is perhaps the only mention to be found of Samuel Fuller’s wife Jane after her marriage.  Mr. Hatherly was never a resident of Barnstable and everything seems to show that the Fullers were still in Scituate at this date, May 16-26, 1650.
      The other reason is that the first recorded birth of Samuel’s children occurs on the Barnstable records, in the birth of the child Thomas on May 18, 1651.  The earliest records of Scituate are lost.
      Captain Matthew Fuller, Samuel’s cousin, appears to have removed from Plymouth at about the same time, and together they bought of Secunke, an Indian, Scorton or Sandy Neck, that is, so much of it as lies within the town of Barnstable.  The arable land in the purchase was set off to the Fullers, the remainder, including the meadows, was reserved as town commons, and afterwards divided.
      Samuel Fuller also bought meadow of his cousin Matthew that was Major John Freeman’s and meadow of Samuel House, and land on Scorton Hill.  He lived in the northwest angle of the town in a secluded spot, and few had occasion to pass.  He had been a constable at Scituate in 1641, and his name appears a few times as juryman, or committee to settle difficulties with the Indians.  He was the only one of the passengers of the Mayflower who settled permanently at Barnstable, and one of the late survivors of that immortal company.  He was buried, if not on his own estate, in the ancient burial place on Lothrop’s Hill in Barnstable, near the site of the first Meeting House.  No gravestone now exists.”  Subsequent research has established with reasonable confidence that Captain Matthew Fuller was not Samuel’s cousin, but was, in fact, his brother.  (Frank Craig Bertinchamps, Judith Reeder, Michael Scharff, Jane Fox, Vern Taylor, and Marla F. Kirby; databases - bertinchamps, jreeder, mscharff, :2683459,  ldshistorical, and marlak_1; worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com, 2002-5.)
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2. Lucy Mary Kellogg et al. (eds), Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 1975-1995: Vol. 4, pgs. 6-7.
     “Samuel Fuller b. prob. England ca. 1608; d. Barnstable 31 Oct. 1683.  He m. Scituate 8 April 1635 Jane Lothrop, bp. Edgerton, co. Kent, England 29 Sept. 1614; d. bef. her husband; dau. of the Rev. John and Hannah (Howes) Lothrop, his first wife.  The will of John Lothrop, pastor of the Church of Christ at Barnstable dated 10 Aug. 1653, probated 7 March 1653/4, names daughter Jane as already having her portion.  After being left an orphan shortly after arriving in Plymouth on the MAYFLOWER, Samuel was brought up by his uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the Pilgrims.  Samuel was admitted a freeman in Plymouth Colony in 1634, moved to Scituate in 1635 where he built a house; he joined the Scituate church on 7 Nov. 1636; and was elected constable there in 1641.  Sometime later he moved to Barnstable, to which his father-in-law had moved in 1638.  Samuel was the only MAYFLOWER passenger to settle permanently in Barnstable and was one of the last surviving MAYFLOWER passengers.  The will of Samuel Fuller Sr. of Barnstable dated 29 Oct., 1683, exhibited 5 June 1684, names eldest son Samuel, son John, daughters Elizabeth Tayler, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams and Sarah Crowe, and his Indian, Joell (bequeathed to son John); sons Samuel and John as executors.  No probate record for Jane Fuller in Barnstable. Children (Fuller) first four b. Scituate, rest Barnstable.  References: MD 2:211 (m.; d. Jane), 237-241 (will); 4:226 (b. Thomas, Sarah), 200 (b. child). NYGBR 33:176, 35:33, 36:33 (Brainerd’s Fuller Gen.).  Barnstable Fams 371-4 (Fuller).  Fuller Gen 1:31-3.  Crippen-Chamberlain pp. 3, 4, 7.  Savage 3:120 (Lothrop). NEHGR 9:280 (Samuel Fuller joins Scituate 7 Nov. 1636); 281 (bp. Samuel), 282 (bp. Sarah), 283 (bp. Mary), 284 (bp. Thomas), 286 (m.). Plymouth Col. Marr. p. 28 (m.). Plymouth Colony Recs 8:43.  West Barnstable Ch. pp. 2, 20. Barnstable Co. PR 1:151, 52 (Samuel).”  (Deborah Sweet; database - :2451407; worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com, 2003.)
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3. James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England - Vols. 1-4, Little, Brown and Co., Boston, MA, 1860-1862: Vol. 2, pgs. 218-9.  (Reprint available from Genealogical Publishing Co., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, MD, 21202-3897)
      “SAMUEL, Plymouth, neph. of the preced. made excor. of his will, was s. of the first Edward, and by him brot. in the Mayflower 1620; after d. of his parents, liv. with the uncle, and at the div. of lds. 1624, was count. I presume, out of respect to f. and mo. for three persons; freem. of the col. 1634, rem. to Scituate, thence to Barnstable, at Scituate hav. m. 8 Apr. 1635, Jane, d. of Rev. John Lothrop, had Hannah, wh. m. 1 Jan. 1659, Nicholas Bonham; Samuel, wh. was bapt. at S. 11 Feb. 1638, and may be the one wh. d. at Rehoboth 15 Aug 1676; Sarah, tho. b. at S. bapt. at B. 1 Aug,. 1641, d. young; and b at B. were Mary, 16 June 1644, wh. m. Joseph Williams, 18 Nov. 1674; Thomas, 18 May 1651; Sarah, again, 14 Dec. 1654, wh. m. a Crow; and John; beside one, 8 Feb. 1658, wh. d. at a fortnight; and he d. 31 Oct. 1683; one of the latest Mayflowers.
      SAMUEL, Plymouth, s. of the first Samuel, was a preach. but seems to have been slow to rem. prob. giving his time to pious care of his mo. refus. invit. to Rehoboth after d. of Newman, but preach. at Middleborough sixteen yrs. and at last was ord. there when the first ch. wars gather. 26 Dec. 1694, and d. 17 Aug. foll. in 71st yr. if his gr.stone be correct. Of this the doubt is almost invinc. for it would carry his b. to 1623 or 4, at least, whereas in the div. of cattle, May 1627, his f. head of the eighth lot, counts only for hims. w. and cous. or neph. bef. ment.  Still stranger, however, to our modern notions, seems the nomin. of him as excor. of will, when he could not be 8, and prob. was only 5 yrs. old.  He had w. Elizabeth but was not m. bef. 1650, ch. nam. in the will, pro. 1 Oct. 1695, Mercy, w. of Daniel Cole, perhaps his sec.; Samuel, b. 1659; Experience, w. of James Wood; John; Elizabeth w. of Samuel Eaton; Hannah, w. of Eleazer Lewis, and Isaac, wh. was under age, as may have been the last d. By Lewis, in Hist. of Lynn, ed. 2, p. 111, this Samuel is call. br. of John, s. of Edward, and he speaks of his arr. in Boston 1630, so as to lead to confusion, if not starting from it. Deane, in Hist. of Scituate, seems almost as confus. as his br. Hist. of Lynn.  The name of his w. is giv. in the ch. Hist. of M. as Brewster, and perhaps she was gr.d. of the noble William; she d. at Plymouth 4 Nov. 1713.  Confusion, indeed, is often unavoida.  With all the aid deriv. from books, and the scrupulous dilig. of Otis, I am uncert. whether
      SAMUEL, Barnstable, s. of the first Samuel of the same, wh. m. Ann, d. of his uncle Matthew and had Matthew, Barnabas, Joseph, Benjamin, Desire, and Sarah, were the same man as
      SAMUEL, Rehoboth, wh. m. 17 Apr. 1673, Mary Ide, perhaps d. of Nicholas.
      SAMUEL, Barnstable, s. of Capt. Matthew, by w. Mary had Thomas, Jabez, Timothy, Matthias, wh. d. unm. Abigail, Ann, and Samuel, posthum. b. 1676.”
      The first Samuel Fuller of Plymouth can be identified as the son of Edward Fuller and the second as his first cousin, son of Dr. Samuel Fuller.  Savage was in error when he stated that Dr. Samuel made his nephew the executor of his will.  The first Samuel of Barnstable was the son of Samuel, son of Edward.  Samuel of Rehoboth was probably not the same man as Samuel of Barnstable, but his identity remains unclear.
      (Available electronically at puritanism.online.fr/puritanism/Savage/savage.html and www.usgennet.org/usa/topic/newengland/savage/)
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4. “The meersteads & garden plotes of [those] which came first  layd out 1620 ... The Falles of their grounds which came first over in the May-Floure, according as thier lotes were cast .1623. ... These lye on the South side of the brook to the woodward opposite to the former.
      John Howland                 4
      Steven Hobkins               6
      Edward [Doty]               1
      Edward [Leister]            1
      Gilbard Winslow             1
      Samuell ffuller Juneor      3
these containe .16. akers besids Hobamaks [Hobomok, an Indian friend of the colony] ground which lyeth between Jo: Howlands & Hobkinses.” (New Plymouth Colony Deeds, etc., 1620-51.  (reprinted in Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff and David Pulsifer (eds), Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, W. White, printer, Boston, MA, 1855-61: Vol. 12, pgs. 4-6.  (reprinted AMS Press, New York, NY, 1968.))  (reprinted in Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 1, pgs. 227-30, 1899.)  (cited in Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony, Its History and People, 1620-1691, Ancestry Pub., Salt Lake City, UT, 1986: pgs. 415-8.))
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5. “Historical data on the location and configuration of the fort include the following:  ‘A substantial palisado . . . of 2700 foot in compass’ surrounded the town -- John Pory, 1623.  ‘The town is impaled about half a mile in compass’ -- John Smith, 1624.  ‘A broad street about a cannon shot of 800 feet long, leading down the hill’ -- Isaac de Rasieres, 1628.  ‘. . . the street . . . was longer 1,150 feet’ -- J. F. Jameson, editorial comment, 1909.
      The ‘broad street’ that led from the fort or blockhouse down the center of the town to the shore came to be known as Leyden Street, and is today divided into Church and Leyden Streets.  The fort, completed between June 1622 and March 1623, was built on what is now known as Burial Hill, shown ... on a current USGS map as the ‘Cem[etery].’  It is traditionally sited on a slope of Burial Hill at the junction of Spring Street and the original Leyden Street.  On the USGS map ..., it is placed at the corner of Spring and Church Streets.  Leyden Street now commences at its junction with Main Street, the only cross street traversing the ... fortification.  Main Street is probably the original ‘high way’ shown by William Bradford on his 1620 plan of Plymouth.  The diamond shape of the fortified town appears to be the only one that fits the 2,700 foot compass of the palisade.”  (The Plymouth Colony Archive Project, “Fortified Town Plan of Plymouth, 1622”, etext.lib.virginia.edu/users/deetz/Plymouth/fortplan.html, 2003.)
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6. Lawrence Brainerd, “Fuller Family of Plymouth Colony, Connecticut and Nova Scotia”, manuscript, 1924.  (prepared for Alfred Cook Fuller, Esq.)
     “Samuel, son of Edward and (Ann? _______) Fuller, was born in England and accompanied his parents to New England on the ship Mayflower, 1620.  Some authorities state his birth as 1608, others as 1612, the latter seems the more probable as he was admitted a Freeman of the Colony in 1634.  It was the custom in early Plymouth Colony to admit men to citizenship about as soon as they attained their majorities.  Left an orphan soon after arriving in New England, Samuel Fuller, ‘Second’, as he was called in early records, was brought up by his paternal uncle, Dr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the Pilgrims.  He removed to Scituate, Mass. in 1635 and joined the church there 7 Nov 1636.
     He married in Scituate, 8-18 Apr 1635 (a civil service performed by Capt. Myles Standish, Magistrate), Jane Lothrop, baptized 29 Sep 1614 at Egerton, Kent, ENG, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop, M.A., first pastor of the church in Scituate and later first pastor of the church in Barnstable, by his first wife, Anne House.  In Scituate he built the 15th house erected there and was elected Constable of the town in 1641.  About 1650-51, he removed to Barnstable, where his father-in-law Parson Lothrop, had moved in 1638.  He was the only Mayflower passenger to settle permanently in Barnstable.
     He was a man of local consideration and served as a Juror and on various town committees.  His wife died in Barnstable after Feb 1658, and he died there 31 Oct 1683.  His will is extant, and his inventory amounted to 1,116:05:09 pounds.”  (Tom Canning; databases - tfc3rd; worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com, 2004.)
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7. Amos Otis revised by C. F. Swift, Genealogical Notes of Barnstable Families, Vol. 1, F. B. & F. P. Goss, Publishers and Printers, Barnstable, MA, 1888: pgs. 371-2.
     “Samuel Fuller, son of Edward and Ann Fuller, came over in the Mayflower, in 1620.  His parents died soon after they came on shore,* and he resided at Plymouth with his uncle Samuel, the first physician who came to settle in our country.  He had three shares in the division of lands in 1624, Mr. Savage presumes out of respect to his father and mother.  He was executor of his uncle’s will in 1633, and was a freeman of the Colony in 1634.  From Plymouth he removed to Scituate, where he married, April 8, 1635, Jane, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop.  Nov. 7, 1636, he joined the church at Scituate, having a letter of dismission from the Plymouth church, of which he had been a member.  He built, in 1636, the fifteenth house in Scituate, on Greenfield, the first lot abuting on Kent street.  He had twenty acres of land on the east of Bellhouse Neck, in that town.  Mr. Deane calls him ‘a man of Kent,’ from which country many of the first settlers of Barnstable came.
     Samuel Fuller, as appears by the church records, was in Barnstable as early as 1641, but it does not appear that he was an inhabitant of the town till after the 1st of January 1644.  His brother, Capt. Matthew, the earliest regular physician in Barnstable, came a few years later.  They bought of Secunke, Indian, Scorton or Sandy Neck, that is, so much of it as lies within the boundaries of the town of Barnstable.  The arable land in the purchase was set off to the Fullers, the remainder, including the meadows, was reserved as town’s commons and afterwards divided.
     Samuel Fuller also bought meadow of his brother Matthew that was Major John Freeman’s, and a meadow of Samuel House, who owned land on Scorton Hill.  He had a good estate for those days.  His personal estate is apprized in his inventory at £116,5,09.
     He lived in the north-west angle of the town, in a secluded spot, where travellers or others had seldon occasion to pass.  He was very little engaged in public business.  He was constable at Scituate in 1641, and his name occasionally appears as a juryman, and on committees to settle difficulties that arose with the Indians, and was one of the 58 purchasers, as that company was called.
     Samuel and Matthew Fuller, though brothers, and living near each other in a retired spot, and owning property together, were as unlike as two men can be.  Samuel was eminently pious, and retired in his habits; Matthew, though nominally a Puritan, was not a religious man; but was ambitious, and courted official distinction.  In one instance he recanted an opinion deliberately expressed, in order to secure the patronage of the majority.  Samuel committed no acts that he had to recant--he was an honest man, a good neighbor, and a christian, and his posterity will ever honor him.
     He died in Barnstable Oct. 31, 1683.  He was the only one of the passengers in the Mayflower who settled permanently in Barnstable.”  Otis was incorrect in his assertion that Samuel Fuller was the executor of his uncle’s will.  It is evident upon inspection of the text that Dr. Samuel appointed his own son, even though a minor child, as executor under the supervision of Edward Winslow and William Bradford.  Likewise, it is probable that Samuel and Jane Lothrop Fuller remained in Scituate until 1650.

Relevant footnotes:
     “*This was the expression used by Gov. Bradford, who knew the parties.  Mr. Z. Eddy says the Wid. Ann Fuller died in Barnstable in 1663, aged 79 years.  I find no corroboration of the latter statement.”
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8. The last Will and Testament of Samuell ffuller of Barnstable Late Deceased Exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the fift of June 1684 on the oath of Capt: Josepth Laythorp and Mr Samuell Allin as followeth
      The nine and twentyeth Day of October in the yeer of our Lord one thousand six hundred eighty and three; I Samuell ffuller senir of the Towne of Barnstable in the Govrment of New Plymouth being ancient and very weake in body but of good and Compitent memory thankes be unto allmighty God; and Calling to remembrance the uncertaine state of this transitory life and that all fflesh muste yeild unto Death when it shall please God to Call, Doe make ordaine and & Constitute & Declare this my last will and Testament in Manor and form following; Revoking and Anulling by these presents all and every Testament and Testaments will and wills heertofore by mee made and declared either by word or "righting; and this to be taken onely for my last will and Testament and none other; and first I give and Comitt my soule unto almighty God my Saviour in whom and by the merritts of Jesus Christ I trust and beleive assuredly to be saved; and my body to the earth; from whence it was taken to be buried in such Decent and Christian manor as to my executors heerafter Named shalbe thought meet and Convenient; and Now for the settleing of my temporall estate and such goods Cattles and Debts as it hath pleased god farr above my Deserts to bestow upon mee; I Doe order Give and Dispose the same in Manor and forme following; That is to say first I will that all those Debts and Dutyes as I owe in right or Consience to any manor of prson or prsons whatsoever shalbe well and truely Contented and payed or ordained to be payed within Convenient time after my Decease by my executors heerafter Named;  Item I Give and bequeath unto my eldest son Samuell ffuller two prsells of Marsh one of them I bought of mr Samuell house Deceased and the other I bought of Captaine Matthew ffuller Deceased that hee had of mr John ffreeman;  Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller four acrees of Marsh and one halfe which I bought of Peter Blossome  Item I Give and bequeath that prsell of Marsh that lyes by Ralph Jones, his Marsh, To my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller to be equally Devided betwixt and one prsell of Marsh that lyeth on this side Scoton ffeildes to be Devided as abovesaid and the angle Lotts of Marsh att Scoton point to be equally Devided between them alsoe and alsoe the Eelcreik Lott of Marsh to be alike Devided as above specifyed and the Lott of Marsh att Sandy neck upon the same accoumpt alsoe; and all my upland upon Scoton Neck to be equally Devided betwixt them as the other above Mensioned  Item I Give to my son Samuell ffuller all my upland that lyeth above my uppermost ffeild and to range quite Crosse my land upon one and the same lyne as the uppermost ffence as my upmost feild Now ranges, but alwaies to allow Cart wayes to the Comons into the Comons for his brother John ffuller his heires and assignes  Item I Give and bequeath unto my son John fuller my now Dwellinghouse orchyard and all outhousing and all the rest of my upland wherever it doth lye, but alwaies to allow a Cart way into the meddowes for his brother Samuell ffuller his heires and assignes  Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller one three yeer old horse runing in the woods;  Item I Give and bequeath to my son Samuell ffuller two mares runing in the woods;  Item I Give unto my Daughter Elizabeth Tayler five pound in Mony and two Cowes;  Item I Give unto my Daughter hannah Bonham four pounds in Money and two Cowes;  Item I Give unto my Daughter Mary Williams four pound in Money and two Cowes  Item I Give and bequeath unto my Daughter Sarah Crowe four pounds in Mony and two Cowes  Item I Give and bequeath unto my four Daughters  hannah Bonham  Mary Williams  Elizabeth Tayler  and Sarah Crow all my houshold Stuffe to be equally Dvided betwixt them  Item I Give and bequeath to my son John ffuller the Indian Joell; my prte in the oxen the Cart and plow and the Cart and plow Geares and working tooles and one fatt Cow that is to kill and my bald faced horse; and my Great bible;  Item I Give and bequeath to my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller all the rest of my Neat Cattle to be Devided To my son Samuell one third prte; and to my son John ffuller the other two third prtes therof; and all my sheep to be equally Devided betwixt them;  Item I Give and bequath to my son Samuell ffuller ten pounds in mony which hee now owes to mee and hath now hath it alredy; and all the rest of my estate in what kind soever it be I Give and bequeath it to my two sones Samuell ffuller and John ffuller; to be Devided to my son Samuell ffuller one third prte therof and to my son John ffuller the other two third prtes therof, and by these prsents make ordaine & Declare the above said Samuell and John ffuller the executors of this my last Will and Testament; In Witness wherof I the said Samuell ffuller have heerunto sett my hand and seale the Date above written;
Witnesse Samuell ffuller ... (seal) Joseph Laythorp  Samuell Allin
      Captaine Joseph Laythorpe made oth as a witnes to this will before the Court held att Plymouth the fift of March 1683
Mr Samuell Allin Made oath as a witnes to this Will above written this 10th of March 1683 before mee Barnabas Laythorpe Assistant
      Of course, in the Julian Calendar used in the seventeenth century, March 10, 1683, followed October 29.  (New Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, Bk. 4, Pt. 2, pgs. 138-9.  (George Ernest Bowman (tr) reprinted in Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 2, pg. 237, 1900.))
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9. Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony, Its History and People, 1620-1691, Ancestry Pub., Salt Lake City, UT, 1986: pg. 295.
     “A son of Edward, Samuel accompanied his parents on the 1620 Mayflower to Plymouth.  He married Jane Lothrop, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop (MD 16:129).  Though the 1627 cattle division list should have covered the senior Samuel Fuller plus two second generation Samuel Fullers, the son of the senior Samuel and the son of his brother Edward, only one second generation Samuel is actually on the list, and this most likely is Samuel, son of Edward, who was indisputably living in 1627.  The evidence for Samuel, son of Samuel, being in Plymouth in 1627 is the inscription on his gravestone, which shows him dying in his seventy-first year on 17 August 1695, thus having him born ca. 1624.  However, gravestone inscriptions frequently contain some error, and if this one overstated his age by a few years, he might not even have been born by the 1627 division.  Samuel Fuller, the son of Edward, died at Barnstable 31 October 1683.  He dated his will 29 October 1683, inventory 14 November 1683, and in it he named his sons Samuel and John, and his daughters Elizabeth Taylor, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams, and Sarah Crowe (MD 2:237).  He had other children who died young.  His daughter Hannah, who married Nicholas Bonham, moved with her husband to Piscataway, New Jersey, thus bringing the Edward Fuller line there at an early date.”
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Additional Citations:

10. New Plymouth Colony Tax List of 1634.  (reprinted op. cit. (Shurtleff and Pulsifer): Vol. 1, pgs. 26-9.)  (cited op. cit. (Stratton): pgs. 429-31.)

11. New Plymouth Colony “Able to Bear Arms” List of 1643.  (reprinted op. cit. (Shurtleff and Pulsifer): Vol. 8, pgs. 187-96.)  (cited op. cit. (Stratton): pgs. 439-46.)

12. Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts, to the year 1850, pub. by New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA, 1909: Vol. 1, pg. 159.

13. Simeon L. Deyo, History of Barnstable County, Massachusetts, H. W. Blake & Co., New York, NY, 1890: pg. 379.

14. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA, 1995: Vol. 1, pg. 712.

15. Billie Redding Lewis, The Redding Family and Its Relatives, privately published, Lake Wales, FL, 1982; 6th Ed., Anundsen Publishing Co., Decorah, IA, 1992: pgs. 239-52.

16. Trula Fay Parks Purkey, Genealogy of William Bonham, Pioneer Settler of Grayson County, Virginia, 731 Rockbridge Rd., Trout Dale, VA, 1984: pgs. 9-16.

17. Ancestral File: GL6M-CT, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT, continuously updated.

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